The Friends of the Administration
The general election of 1824 ended forever the illusion of a coherent Republican party; the "run off" election in the House of Representatives the next year set the stage for new parties. By 1828 the process had advanced sufficiently that the outline of a "second American party system" was clearly visible.1 But this fresh grouping was still poorly defined in 1828 compared to the first party system. The major parties lacked names, not to mention programs, to distinguish them. The Democratic and Whig labels would not predominate over other titles until after 1832. It was not even certain that the second system would include only two parties, as an ambitious and aggressive third party, the Antimasons, appeared to contest the field in the early 1830s. And none of them had developed a truly national organization which could bind the local units together. It might be more correct to call the parties formed during 1825-28 period "interests," the word Jefferson had used in 1792 to describe the incipient Republican party.
Yet the new alliances were more than just "interests." Consciousness of the party concept had become part of the American experience. It no longer carried the odious implications that it had in 1789. Many thoughtful persons never accepted parties as either necessary or desirable, but everyone had become accustomed to their existence. More than the concept was familiar. Partisan machinery for conducting elections and managing the government was still extant in many states (even where the parties themselves were no longer viable) and was available to those politicians involved in constructing the new national parties.____________________
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Emergence of the Presidential Nominating Convention, 1789-1832. Contributors: James S. Chase - Author. Publisher: University of Illinois. Place of publication: Urbana, IL. Publication year: 1973. Page number: 69.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.