ACCESSORY FEATURES . Extraneous movements that sometimes accompany the cardinal features of stuttering (the elemental repetitions and prolongations). Accessory features are of two levels: (1) speech related movements, and (2) ancillary movements (other movements not directly involved in speaking).
AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT . A European intellectual movement of the 17th and 18th Centuries that celebrated and emphasized the use of reason.
AMELIORATIVE CONDITIONS . Those conditions under which stutterers evidence very little or no stuttering. The most effective of such conditions are singing, speaking to rhythm, speaking in chorus, auditory masking while speaking, and speaking under delayed auditory feedback.
ANNO DOMINI . Here, meaning literally the beginning of the Christian era.
AUTOMATIC SPEECH . Word, phrase, or sentence utterances that are not appropriate to circumstances and have no evident meaningful reference. Typically occurring in the speech efforts of aphasics, an observation that prompted this classification. See PROPOSITIONAL SPEECH.
CHOREA . Any of a group of disorders of the nervous system characterized by brief, rapid, irregular jerking movements caused by involuntary muscular contractions of the limbs, face, trunk, and head. Also called St. Vitus's Dance.
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Publication information: Book title: Stuttering:A Short History of a Curious Disorder. Contributors: Marcel E. Wingate - Author. Publisher: Bergin & Garvey. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1997. Page number: 217.
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