Black and White in Southern Zambia: The Tonga Plateau Economy and British Imperialism, 1890-1939

By Kenneth P. Vickery | Go to book overview

6
Transformation of the Indigenous Economy: The Emergence of a Peasantry

Between the turn of the century and the 1930s the economic life of most Plateau Tonga communities changed dramatically, though the indigenous base was still easily recognized. The imperial presence was certainly a major stimulus for the change through its demands and extractions, its creation of markets, and its introduction of new technology. It was not the only source of change, however, and even where it was important, Tonga attitudes, decisions, and strategy affected the pace, style, and exact shape of the alteration.

The agricultural productivity--potential and realized--of Africans on the Tonga Plateau multiplied several times. This was true in an aggregate sense, that is, the total African production of agricultural wealth increased immensely. It was also true in a per capita sense: the productivity of individuals or households, per unit of labor input, greatly expanded. In the latter case the crucial factor was the adoption of animal power and new tools--specifically, the ox-plow and related ox- drawn tools and vehicles. Both kinds of increased production grew to be major concerns of European settlers, who rightly sensed in them threatening competition in commodity markets.

In theoretical terms the domestic mode of production described in Chapter 1 was articulated with an imperial economy, a variant of a capitalist mode of production. The result was a peasant form of production--the emergence of a Tonga peasantry. Admittedly "peasantry" is a broad category. Under one proposed typology, the Plateau Tonga case would fall in the category of "independent household production," as opposed to tenancy, sharecropping, serfdom, or other forms also often given the peasant appetation. 1 I would prefer simply to be more specific and descriptive: the Plateau Tonga were primarily rural cultivators engaged in independent household production for most of their subsistence, as well as for limited participation--on disadvantaged terms--in a wider, market-oriented economic system.

I will focus on five main areas in discussing the transformation of the Plateau indigenous economy: (1) population, (2) the effects of labor migration on cultivation, (3) wealth, conversion, and cattle, (4) the adoption of ox-drawn cultivation and transportation, and (5) peasant differentiation.

-145-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Black and White in Southern Zambia: The Tonga Plateau Economy and British Imperialism, 1890-1939
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • RECENT TITLES IN CONTRIBUTIONS IN COMPARATIVE COLONIAL STUDIES ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Maps vii
  • List of Tables ix
  • Preface xi
  • Notes and Abbreviations xiii
  • Introduction 3
  • 1 - The Plateau in the Late Nineteenth Century 13
  • Notes 29
  • 2 - The Imperial Economy in South Central Africa, 1890-1925: An Overview 35
  • Conclusion 48
  • Notes 49
  • 3 - Contact and Conquest, 1890-1904 53
  • Notes 67
  • 4 - A Colonial Situation, 1904-1918 71
  • Conclusion 112
  • Notes 113
  • 5 - Boom and Bust, 1918-1925 121
  • Notes 140
  • 6 - Transformation of the Indigenous Economy: The Emergence of a Peasantry 145
  • Notes 177
  • 7 - Peasants, Settlers, and State in the Copperbelt Era, 1925-1939 185
  • Conclusion 210
  • Conclusion 211
  • 8 - Epilogue and Conclusion 215
  • Notes 228
  • Bibliography 231
  • Index 245
  • About the Author 249
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 252

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.