Black and White in Southern Zambia: The Tonga Plateau Economy and British Imperialism, 1890-1939

By Kenneth P. Vickery | Go to book overview

launched a revived Congress movement in the 1950s, agrarian issues including discriminatory marketing quickly moved to the fore of African nationalism on the Plateau.


CONCLUSION

The emergence of the Northern Rhodesian Copperbelt greatly altered the political economy of the territory. The much enlarged foodstuffs market associated with Copperbelt development stimulated increased agricultural production by both black and white farmers on the Tonga Plateau. The state, no longer an arm of the British South Africa Company but now of the Colonial Office, presided over the competition implicit in this development. Government consolidated a settler enclave along the rail line by formalizing Native Reserves.

That the state also intervened in produce markets was not in itself unusual. Although capitalism indeed penetrated Africa during the colonial period, this is hardly to be confused with the triumph of "free markets." All over the continent, state intervention in agricultural commodity markets was a common feature of colonial rule. Indeed, the key "extra-market operation" introduced in many territories during the crises of the Great Depression and Second World War was precisely the statutory, monopsonistic (sole buyer) marketing board. 110 In Northern Rhodesia this took the form of the Maize Control Board--direct ancestor of Zambia's National Agricultural Marketing Board (NAM- BOARD).

The state not only intervened, of course, but did so decisively in the interests of white farmers. If Maize Control in Southern Rhodesia was "a highly complicated exercise in [white farmer] survival," the goal was no different in Northern Rhodesia, and the exercise was actually far less complicated. 111 Northern Rhodesian settler farmers, like those to the south and in Kenya, utilized the political arena for economic ends. Maize Control, like similar schemes elsewhere, unquestionably penalized the category of producers whose share of the market was expanding. 112 That is, it was defensive legislation. One Colonial Office official correctly observed that the scheme's "essence" was that the market be "rigged so as to keep in production a body of white farmers who if exposed to the full blast of native competition would disappear." 113 As in Kenya, "the most reactionary aspect of the settler strategy stemmed from the fact that they contributed virtually nothing to the development of the exchange economy which existing peasant producers could not provide as well or better." 114 There is great irony in the 1926 Reserves Commission Report's conclusion that the Africans needed reserves because they would eventually be pushed out "simply through ordinary economic forces, through inevitable expansion." The "ordinary economic forces" by the mid-1930s were working entirely in the opposite direction, and it was the settler farmer, not the Tonga peasant, who needed protection from these forces.

-210-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Black and White in Southern Zambia: The Tonga Plateau Economy and British Imperialism, 1890-1939
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • RECENT TITLES IN CONTRIBUTIONS IN COMPARATIVE COLONIAL STUDIES ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Maps vii
  • List of Tables ix
  • Preface xi
  • Notes and Abbreviations xiii
  • Introduction 3
  • 1 - The Plateau in the Late Nineteenth Century 13
  • Notes 29
  • 2 - The Imperial Economy in South Central Africa, 1890-1925: An Overview 35
  • Conclusion 48
  • Notes 49
  • 3 - Contact and Conquest, 1890-1904 53
  • Notes 67
  • 4 - A Colonial Situation, 1904-1918 71
  • Conclusion 112
  • Notes 113
  • 5 - Boom and Bust, 1918-1925 121
  • Notes 140
  • 6 - Transformation of the Indigenous Economy: The Emergence of a Peasantry 145
  • Notes 177
  • 7 - Peasants, Settlers, and State in the Copperbelt Era, 1925-1939 185
  • Conclusion 210
  • Conclusion 211
  • 8 - Epilogue and Conclusion 215
  • Notes 228
  • Bibliography 231
  • Index 245
  • About the Author 249
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 252

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.