It is entirely believable that, without compulsory cooperation and
the division of the internal market, many of the Tonga Plateau's white
farmers would have been ruined in the late 1930s. In the longer run,
however, the technical market division was not even the most significant
aspect of Maize Control, since overproduction and unremunerative export
were no longer problems for many years after 1939. Rather, the importance of Maize Control was that it marked the state's open commitment
to large-scale settler farming, a commitment renewed many times in
succeeding years. The Tonga could hardly regard this as anything but
contrary to their own interests. But even state policy, though it clearly
limited the expansion of the Tonga peasantry, did not destroy it. A niche
carved by two generations of Tonga farmers was grudgingly recognized.
L. H. Gann, "The Northern Rhodesia Copper Industry and the
World of Copper: 1923-1952," Rhodes-Livingstone Journal 18 ( 1955): 1- 18.
GBCO, Northern Rhodesia Annual Reports, 1924- 1931.
Gann, "Copper Industry," pp. 7-8;
Gann, A History of Northern
Rhodesia ( London, 1964), pp. 251-252;
GBCO, Northern Rhodesia Annual
Reports, 1932- 1938.
GBCO Northern Rhodesia Annual Reports, 1930- 1936.
NAZ KDB 6/1/1/1, Batoka Annual Report, 1936.
6. The system was described succinctly by Mazabuka District
Commissioner R. O. Ingram in 1931:
all labour required for Boma is in the nature of forced
labour and therefore if one, so far as possible, recruits tax
defaulters--or gives labour to men brought in for tax default--one lessens the number of men who have to be called
in for Boma work; possibly against their will.
NAZ KDB 4/5/1/1, Ingram to Provincial Commissioner, 3/9/1931.
NAZ KDB 6/7/5/3, Wick ens to Provincial Commissioner,
NAZ KDB 6/7/3, Mazabuka Quarterly Report, 31/3/ 1931.
Gann, Northern Rhodesia, pp. 283-284.
E. A. Brett, Colonialism and Underdevelopment in East Africa
( London, 1973), pp. 175, 181-182.
GBCO 795/17/18254 1927, Northern Rhodesia Native Reserves
Commission(Line of Rail) Report, 1926(hereafter "Reserves Commission Report"), Evidence, vol. 2, pp. 437-438.
Ibid., Evidence, vol. 2, p. 438.
Ibid., Evidence, vol. 2, p. 439.
Ibid., vol. 1, pp. 69-70.
Ibid., vol. 1, pp. 24-25.
Iibid., vol. 1, p. 73.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Black and White in Southern Zambia:The Tonga Plateau Economy and British Imperialism, 1890-1939.
Contributors: Kenneth P. Vickery - Author.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1986.
Page number: 211.
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