It is entirely believable that, without compulsory cooperation and the division of the internal market, many of the Tonga Plateau's white farmers would have been ruined in the late 1930s. In the longer run, however, the technical market division was not even the most significant aspect of Maize Control, since overproduction and unremunerative export were no longer problems for many years after 1939. Rather, the importance of Maize Control was that it marked the state's open commitment to large-scale settler farming, a commitment renewed many times in succeeding years. The Tonga could hardly regard this as anything but contrary to their own interests. But even state policy, though it clearly limited the expansion of the Tonga peasantry, did not destroy it. A niche carved by two generations of Tonga farmers was grudgingly recognized.
all labour required for Boma is in the nature of forced labour and therefore if one, so far as possible, recruits tax defaulters--or gives labour to men brought in for tax default--one lessens the number of men who have to be called in for Boma work; possibly against their will.
NAZ KDB 4/5/1/1, Ingram to Provincial Commissioner, 3/9/1931.
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Publication information: Book title: Black and White in Southern Zambia:The Tonga Plateau Economy and British Imperialism, 1890-1939. Contributors: Kenneth P. Vickery - Author. Publisher: Greenwood Press. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1986. Page number: 211.
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