their own self-interest were the same. Jackson saw himself as a father
figure to those Indians, ready to treat them as children who did not know
what was best for themselves.
8 Jackson and his group were convinced that
only by moving the tribes beyond the bounds of white settlement could
the Indians maintain their culture. At the same time, the removal did much
to enhance the wealth of many of the Jackson group and was readily
rationalized as consistent with what was expected of the gentry. As
historians writing in recent years have argued, the traditional premodern
world of revolutionary America may have been placed in jeopardy by the
force of a more modern commercial life, but for the men who are the
subject of this study, the two fit nicely together. Commercial opportunity
in the Tennessee country brought to reality dreams that were the products
of struggles for a better life that began with earlier generations in Ulster
and the Scottish lowlands. The culture of the fathers provided the dreams
for the sons and for some Tennessee became the land of opportunity.
James K. Paulding: The Last Republican
(Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992).
The critical and fascinating evolution of American society from a simple
agricultural one to a complex commercial one has been studied carefully and well
by a number of historians. Among those works, I have benefitted especially from Leo Marx, The Machine in the Garden ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1964); Charles Sellers, The Market Revolution ( New York: Oxford University
Press, 1991); Joyce Appleby, Liberalism and Republicanism in the Historical
Imagination ( Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992) and Capitalism
and a New Social Order ( New York: New York University Press, 1984); Karl Polanyi
, The Great Transformation ( New York: Rinehart Press, 1944).
My understanding of what I have called the "world of the fathers" is
derived primarily from the following studies: Henry James Ford, The Scotch-Irish
in America ( Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1915); Ian Charles Cargill Graham
, Colonists from Scotland ( Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1956); R. J. Dickson, Ulster Emigration to Colonial America 1718-1775 ( London: Routledge & Keegan, 1966); William C. Lehman, Scottish and Scotch-Irish
Contributions to Early American Life and Culture ( Port Washington, NY: Kennekat Press, 1978); and David Dobson, Scottish Emigration to Colonial
America 1607-1785 ( Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994).
Dickson, Ulster Emigration, 9, 11.
Dickson, Ulster Emigration, 49.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Andrew Jackson and His Tennessee Lieutenants:A Study in Political Culture.
Contributors: Lorman A. Ratner - Author.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1997.
Page number: 16.
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