The Drug Dealers: A Case Study of Pharmacy, an Integrated Occupation
In this chapter the 1% census SAR is used for a case study of pharmacists. Looking at a particular occupational group allows us to draw together the themes of previous chapters, to provide a more rounded view of one example of an integrated occupation, and to consider the links between themes. Chapters 9 and 10 synthesize the analysis and draw conclusions. The approach here is an empirical synthesis, via a strategic case study, while Chapter 10 focuses on theoretical conclusions and policy implications.
Pharmacists were chosen for our case study for two reasons. First, this is now an integrated occupation, with roughly equal numbers of men and women holding a pharmacy qualification and/or working as pharmacists. Second, and equally important, there has been a shortage of pharmacists throughout the second half of the twentieth century, in particular throughout the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s when equal opportunities legislation created a new climate of opinion on women's employment. At a time when repeated recessions limited job opportunities in some professions and industries, there have always been plenty of jobs for pharmacists, who have been able to choose work arrangements to suit themselves. Pharmacy is not only an integrated occupation, but also one that has been expanding and has escaped the constraints of recession. These characteristics pertain to the USA as well as Britain, with similarities and differences between the two countries.1
Normally, the 2% SAR would be the logical choice for case studies of special groups, due to its larger size. In practice, this chapter has to rely exclusively on the smaller 1% SAR as it is the only one containing the detailed classifications of occupation and of educational qualification subjects that enable us to identify pharmacists. This means that the case study samples are relatively small, with 350 qualified pharmacists identified by their highest qualification, 302 pharmacists identified by the occupation of their current or last job, and 247 people who are pharmacists on both criteria.____________________