Visual Perception and Cognition in Infancy

By Carl Granrud | Go to book overview
Save to active project

previously planned sequences rather than to compute new and context-sensitive sequences. Interestingly, at each stage infants show themselves able to evaluate correct sequences even when they cannot generate them. Specifically, infants can identify correct sequences for the retrieval of a hidden object long before they spontaneously produce these sequences. Similarly, infants can identify context-appropriate searches after delays of 15, 30, and even 70 seconds long before they produce correct searches at comparable delays.

A salient aspect of the explanations proposed here is that they appeal to problem solving limitations that have already been identified in children and adults. Adults often have difficulty solving physical problems whose solutions depend on moves that are counterintuitive in that they appear to take one farther away from one's goal. Furthermore, adults can be lulled by overall context similarity in applying a previous solution that is no longer appropriate. Finally, in all these instances, adults typically have little difficulty recognizing accurate solutions, even when they have failed to generate them.

The general picture suggested by the present research is, thus, one in which the physical world of infants appears very similar to that of adults: Not only do infants and adults share many of the same beliefs and show many of the same physical reasoning abilities, but these abilities seem limited in the same ways.


Final Remarks

The research presented in this chapter is interesting for three reasons. One is that it yields a picture of infants as budding intuitive physicists, capable of detecting, interpreting, and predicting physical outcomes, which is radically different from the traditional portrayal of young infants as enclosed within a world in which an object is "a mere image which reenters the void as soon as it vanishes, and emerges from it for no objective reason" ( Piaget, 1954, p. 11). Another reason is that it suggests several new directions for research on infants' acquisition and representation of physical knowledge and on the manifestation of this knowledge in tasks calling for manual and non-manual responses. The third reason is that, as we discover how infants attain, represent, and use physical knowledge, we come one step closer to understanding the central issue of the origins of human cognition.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The research reported in this manuscript was supported by grants from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (HD-21104 and HD-05951). I wish to thank Judy Deloache and Carl Granrud for their careful and discerning review of the manuscript, and Jerry DeJong and Joe Malpelli for insightful suggestions about the research.

-311-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Visual Perception and Cognition in Infancy
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 362

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?