cess will be outmoded views of what an 'organization' must look like and
how it must be managed. Future forms will all feature some of the properties
of the dynamic network form, particularly heavy reliance on self-managed
workgroups and a greater willingness to view organizational boundaries and
membership as highly flexible. We anticipate, ultimately, that key business
units--such as a design engineering group or prototype production team--
will be autonomous building blocks to be assembled, reassembled, and
redeployed within and across organizational and national boundaries as
product or service life cycles demand.
Michael T. Hannan and
John H. Freeman, "'The Population Ecology of Organizations'", American Journal of Sociology, vol. 82 ( March 1977): 929-64: and Howard E. Aldrich
, Organizations and Environments ( Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1979).
Michael E. Porter, Competitive Strategy ( New York, NY. Free Press, 1980).
Raymond E. Miles and
Charles C. Snow, Organizational Strategy, Structure and
Process, ( New York, NY. McGraw-Hill, 1978).
Alfred D. Chandler Jr., Strategy and Structure ( New York, NY. Doubleday, 1962).
Stanley M. Davis and
Paul R. Lawrence, Matrix ( Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1977).
Raymond E. Miles and
Charles C. Snow, "'Fit, Failure, and the Hall of Fame'", California Management Review, vol. XXVI (Spring 1984): 10-28.
Economists do not agree on a single definition of industry health. Classical
equilibrium theory states that firms in a competitive industry should not make
profits in excess of the normal bank rate of return. Another economic theory,
however, says that excess profits are required for industry innovation. Yet
another theory maintains that excess profits may be rightfully earned by firms
that minimize buyers' search and information-processing costs (by consistently
offering high-quality products, etc.). Our criteria of long-run industry health are
Paul R. Lawrence and
Davis Dyer, Renewing American Industry ( New
York, NY. Free Press, 1983).
Snow, Organizational Strategy, Structure, and Process, Chapter 10.
Joel D. Goldhar and
Mariann Jelinek, "'Plan for Economies of Scope'", Harvard
Business Review, vol. 61 ( November/December 1983): 141-8.
See Jay R. Galbraith, "'Designing and Innovating Organization'", Organizational
Dynamics (Winter 1982), 5-25; and Gifford Pinchot III, Intrapreneuring ( New
York, NY. Harper and Row, 1985).
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Firms, Organizations and Contracts:A Reader in Industrial Organization.
Contributors: Peter J. Buckley - Editor, Jonathan Michie - Editor.
Publisher: Oxford University Press.
Place of publication: Oxford.
Publication year: 1996.
Page number: 441.
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