The Road from Rio: Sustainable Development and the Nongovernmental Movement in the Third World

By Julie Fisher | Go to book overview
managerial capacities, they are also beginning to exchange these with each other through GRSO networks. Rather than providing specific management skills, Northern NGOs could become supporters and facilitators of this exchange. They could, for example, support research on sustainable technologies, including lessons learned in adapting them to the field, and then support dissemination of results to other GRSOs. 94

Now that we have examined the capabilities of GROs and GRSOS, we turn, in the final chapter, to the core of grassroots support--the vertical relationships between them.


NOTES
1.
See, for example, Fowler, 1988, and OECD, 1988. Carroll ( 1992) notes that they may not be able to compete with government in service delivery.
2.
Fowler, 1988.
3.
See Arbab, 1988, p.65; Ahmed, 1980, pp. 89-91. Administrative costs declined as a percentage of total budget in Carroll' ( 1992) study of Latin American GRSOs. On the other hand, Williams ( 1990:32) found that GRSO and government salaries in Bangladesh were often comparable.
4.
The PQLI, by giving equal weight to literacy, life expectancy, and infant mortality may also be misleading.
5.
A better educational indicator, rarely used, would be female primary completion rates.
6.
The repayment rate, by itself, would be an inadequate measure without data on increased income, profitability, or increases in employment.
7.
Ruiz Zuniga and Morgan Ball, 1989, p. 9. Interview in Costa Rica with Ruiz Zuniga, 1989.
8.
Ritchey Vance, 1991, pp. 117-118.
9.
The key informants included other researchers, donors, and program directors (as a source of information about other programs).
10.
Herman, 1990, pp. 8, 304. Technoserve and its counterpart GRSOs have developed a cost-effectiveness model that gives numerical weight to noneconomic as well as economic benefits.
11.
Lovemen, 1991, p. 14.
12.
Speech by Atherton Martin at the University of Iowa, Spring 1990.
13.
Zeuli, 1991.
14.
Berg, 1987, p. 10.
15.
Diaz Albertini, 1989, p. 24.
16.
Carroll ( 1992:36) study of thirty Latin American GRSOs (including three Member Support Organizations or GRO networks) concluded that "harder" economic goals and "softer" organizational objectives are compatible if properly implemented and can also be "mutually reinforcing."
17.
Lance and McKenna, 1975. See also Cheema, 1986, for urban examples.
18.
Cernea, 1987, p. 5. See also Cernea's citations.
19.
Uphoff, 1986, pp. 63, 284.
20.
Paul, 1987, p. 3. The "intensity" of participation was related to information

-183-

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The Road from Rio: Sustainable Development and the Nongovernmental Movement in the Third World
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface xi
  • Note xiv
  • Selected Acronyms xv
  • 1 - The Politics of Development 1
  • Notes 18
  • 2 - Grassroots Organizations (gros) 21
  • Notes 51
  • 3 - Gro Networks 57
  • Notes 72
  • 4 - Grassroots Support Organizations (grsos) 75
  • Notes 113
  • 5 - Poverty, Environmental Degradation, and Population Growth: The Role of Grsos 117
  • Notes 135
  • 6 - Grso Networks 139
  • Notes 159
  • 7 - What Works: Assessing the Performance of Gros and Grsos 163
  • Notes 183
  • 8 - Gro-Grso Linkages 187
  • Notes 211
  • Glossary 215
  • Bibliography 217
  • Index 243
  • About the Author 265
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