Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Housing in the United States

By Jamshid A. Momeni | Go to book overview

7
Accessibility to Housing: Differential Residential Segregation for Blacks, Hispanics, American Indians, and Asians

Joe T. Darden


Introduction

Residential segregation is clearly one of the most significant, sensitive, and difficult problems facing American society. It remains an American dilemma. Residential segregation can be conceptualized as an adaptation of a particular group to certain spatial constraints within the urban environment. Since individual access to housing within the residential marketplace is constrained by numerous factors, including ability to pay, segregation occurs between groups ( Hawley, 1950; Alonso, 1960). Implicit in ecological theory is that a group's status strongly influences its ability to obtain access to housing and that those structural features of metropolitan areas which affect housing supply and demand influence the level of segregation.

According to theories of human ecology, variation in segregation between groups relates directly to measurable differences on social and economic variables ( Burgess, 1923; Park, 1926; Massey, 1981: 316). Thus, low status groups tend to be spatially segregated from higher status groups, partly because high status persons avoid locating their residences in the same areas, and partly because low status persons are less able to compete for the more expensive residential homes occupied by high status groups ( Marshall and Jiobu, 1975: 449). The relationship between socioeconomic status of ethnic and racial groups and residential segregation has been examined by several studies.


Socioeconomic Stares and Ethnic Residential Segregation

Most past research has shown an inverse relationship between the level of an ethnic group's socioeconomic status and that ethnic group's level of residential segregation.

-109-

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Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Housing in the United States
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Contributions in Ethnic Studies Series Editor: Leonard W. Doob ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figure and Tables ix
  • Foreword xv
  • Series Foreword xvii
  • Acknowledgments xix
  • Introduction xxi
  • References xxiv
  • 1: A Historical Review of Changes in Public Housing Policies and Their Impacts on Minorities 1
  • Introduction 1
  • Conclusion 14
  • References 15
  • 2: Racial Inequalities in Housing: An Examination of Recent Trends 19
  • Introduction 19
  • Notes 36
  • Acknowledgments 36
  • References 37
  • 3: Racial Inequalities in Home Ownership 39
  • Notes 50
  • References 51
  • 4: Blacks and the American Dream of Housing 53
  • References 65
  • 5: Housing Policy and Suburbanization: An Analysis of the Changing Quality and Quantity of Black Housing in Suburbia since 1950 69
  • Introduction 69
  • Conclusion 83
  • References 85
  • 6: The Housing Conditions of Black Female-headed Households: A Comparative Analysis 89
  • Acknowledgments 107
  • References 108
  • 7: Accessibility to Housing: Differential Residential Segregation for Blacks, Hispanics, American Indians, and Asians 109
  • Introduction 109
  • References 125
  • 8: Su casa no es mi casa: Hispanic Housing Conditions in Contemporary America, 1949- 1980 127
  • Notes 143
  • References 144
  • 9: American Indian Housing: An Overview of Conditions and Public Policy 147
  • Acknowledgments 174
  • References 174
  • 10: Housing Problems of Asian Americans 177
  • References 193
  • 11: Minority Housing Needs and Civil Rights Enforcement 195
  • Introduction 195
  • Conclusions 209
  • Notes 211
  • Acknowledgments 212
  • Selected Bibliography 217
  • Index 221
  • About the Contributors 223
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