Music of the Repressed Russian Avant-Garde, 1900-1929

By Larry Sitsky | Go to book overview

22
Iosif M. Schillinger: Gershwin's Teacher

Iosif (Joseph) Moiseevich Schillinger was born in Khar'kov on August 31, 1895 and died in New York City on March 23, 1943. His parents were prosperous business people. At the age of five he showed interest in aspects of drama, verse, and design; by age ten he was already experimenting in music and playwriting. The family hoped that he would go into business, and discouraged his interest in the arts; he did not have a piano until he was fourteen years old. In composition he was initially self- taught, experimenting at the piano, and reading all he could find about methods of composition. In 1914 he began to pursue systematic training by entering the St. Petersburg Conservatoire, where he studied with V. P. Kalafati and J. J. Wihtol (composition) as well as with Chernov and N. N. Tcherepnine (conducting). He graduated in 1917, receiving the highest prize in composition, and for a while was conductor of the Student Symphony Orchestra. He then embarked on serious study of pedagogic methods; this interest occupied him for the rest of his life. By the age of twenty-five, he had acquired a reading knowledge of many languages, including Latin, Hebrew, German, French, English, and Italian. History and philosophy fascinated him, and he was a voracious reader and student all his life.

From 1918 to 1924, Schillinger was senior instructor, then professor and finally dean of the faculty of composition at the Khar'kov Academy of Music, while simultaneously ( 1918-1922) fulfilling the role of head of the music department of the Board of Education in the Ukraine. During this same time he was also a consultant of the State Opera and composer for the State Academic Theater for Children; he was active in many military and workers' clubs. It was in Khar'kov that Nathan Milstein premiered Schillinger's Violin Sonata in 1922. Between 1922 and 1928 Schillinger acted as consultant to the Leningrad and Moscow Boards of Education, and from 1922 he also supervised the composition class at the State Institute of Musical Education in Leningrad. Between 1925 and 1928 Schillinger was a professor and member of the State Institute of the History of the Arts in Leningrad. In 1927 he was sent on a field expedition to gather folk material, under the auspices of the State Institute of the History of Art. His contribution was to record previously unknown folk songs of a number of tribes in Georgia, thus providing new anthropological material. Incredibly, he also found time to teach as senior instructor of the State Central Technicum of Music. From 1926 to 1928 he was the vice president of the Leningrad branch of the International Society for Contemporary Music ( ISCM). In 1928 he was appointed to

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Music of the Repressed Russian Avant-Garde, 1900-1929
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • Abbreviations xiii
  • Acknowledgments xv
  • 1 1
  • Bibliography 7
  • Part I - The Precursors 10
  • 2 - Vladimir I. Rebikov: The Inventor of Whole-Tone Music 10
  • Bibliography 25
  • 3: Aleksei V. Stanchinskiy 27
  • Part II - The Big Three 38
  • 4 - Nikolai A. Roslavets: The Russian Schoenberg 38
  • Bibliography 58
  • 5: Aleksandr V. Mosolov 60
  • 6: Arthur V. Lourié 87
  • Part III - The Smaller Five 111
  • 7 - Leonid A. Polovinkin: The Partial Avant-Gardist 111
  • Bibliography 132
  • 8 - Vladimir V. Shcherbachev: Old Wine in New Vessels 133
  • 9: Lev K. Knipper 149
  • 10: Boris N. Liatoshinski 158
  • 11 - Vladimir M. Deshevov: The Man of the Theater 171
  • Part IV - The Reluctant Avant-Gardists 183
  • 12 - Samuil E. Feinberg: The Post-Scriabin Pianist 183
  • Bibliography 198
  • 13: Anatoliy N. Aleksandrov 199
  • 14 - Boris A. Aleksandrov: Son of the Composer of the Soviet Anthem 216
  • Part V 217
  • 15: Aleksandr A. Krein 219
  • 16 - Grigoriy A. Krein: Toward Assimilation 225
  • Bibliography 229
  • 17 - Yulian G. Krein: Precocious Cosmopolitan 235
  • 18 - The Ukrainian Bartók and Bloch 241
  • 19: Mikhail F. Gnessin 242
  • Part VI 248
  • 20 248
  • 21: Nikolai Obukhov 254
  • 22: Iosif M. Schillinger 264
  • 23: Aleksandr N. Tcherepnine 273
  • Part VII 283
  • 24 283
  • 25: Leonid L. Sabaneev 291
  • 26 - Dmitriy M. Melkikh: Rhapsodist 309
  • 27: Gavrill N. Popov 310
  • 28: Aleksei S. Zhivotov 318
  • 29: Efim Golyshchev 323
  • 30 - Georgi M. Rimsky-Korsakov: Microtonist 328
  • Appendix: Further Scores for Study and Reference 329
  • Index 343
  • About the Author 349
  • Recent Titles in Contributions to the Study of Music and Dance 351
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