employed. A few centers use local university ergonomics consultants, and
many seek inputs from their existing operators. Usually, however, designs
are simply evolutions of the architects' previous work, including previous
solutions and previous mistakes.Substantial amounts of automation are becoming possible in the TMC,
and some systems are even capable of managing normal traffic flow without
human intervention. Full-service TMCS, however, that coordinate responses
to roadway incidents and manage traffic around roadway work zones, will
continue to need human operators far into the future. ITS systems must be
designed to support, not replace nor peripheralize, the human operator.ATMS users (operators, maintainers, drivers) and their specific needs
must be considered at the beginning of the design process for new and
evolving TMCs and their support systems. Designers and vendors must
realize that there is more to human factors engineering than providing the
operators with a colorful graphic user interface. Numerous publications are
present or forthcoming that will provide guidance in important human
factors issues and ways of incorporating human factors engineering into the
forefront of the design process.
HUMAN FACTORS GUIDELINESNumerous published human factors guidelines are available or in the process of being written. These may be consulted for detailed human factors
engineering recommendations for hardware, software, console, and control
room design for the TMC. Some of these are provided in the following list:
|ANSI/HFS 100- 1988 is the standard for human factors design of video
|NUREG-0700 is the Nuclear Regulatory Commission guideline for control
room design. A major revision of this older document was released in draft
form for comment in 1995.|
|Guidelines for Designing User Interface Software was written by MITRE
Corporation for the U. S. Air Force.|
|Human Factors Handbook for Advanced Traffic Management Center Design
was prepared for the Federal Highway Administration by Georgia Tech
Research Institute to provide detailed human factors guidelines and promote
consideration of other TMC design issues.|
Constantino J. ( 1993). Statement of Dr.
James Constantino. Technology policy: Surface transport
infrastructure R&D: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Technology, Environment, and Aviation
of the Committee on Science, Space and Technology, US. House of Representatives (pp. 6-19). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Human Factors in Intelligent Transportation Systems.
Contributors: Woodrow Barfield - Editor, Thomas A. Dingus - Editor.
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Place of publication: Mahwah, NJ.
Publication year: 1998.
Page number: 185.
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