The United States Employment Service: Its History, Activities and Organization

By Darrell Hevenor Smith; Brookings Institution | Go to book overview
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THE UNITED STATES EMPLOYMENT SERVICE

ITS HISTORY, ACTIVITIES AND ORGANIZATION

CHAPTER I
HISTORY

Inception. The work of the United States Employment Service may clearly be traced as far back as 1907, though the establishment of the Service under its present name did not occur until a number of years later.

The Service originated in a small way with the creation of a Division of Information in the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization, a unit in the (then) Department of Commerce and Labor. This was brought about by Section 40 of the Immigration Act of February 20, 1907 ( 34 Stat. L., 898, 909),1 which said:

It shall be the duty of said division to promote a beneficial distribution of aliens admitted into the United States among the several States and Territories desiring immigration. Correspondence shall be had with the proper officials of the States and Territories, and said division shall gather from all available sources useful information regarding the resources, products, and physical characteristics of each State and Territory, and shall publish such information in different languages and distribute the publications among all admitted aliens who may ask for such information at the immigrant stations of the United States and to such other persons as may desire the same.

The Secretary of Commerce and Labor, in interpreting this section, deemed the first purpose to be

. . . to bring about a distribution of immigrants arriving in this country, thus preventing, as far as possible, the congestion in our

____________________
1
Repealed by the act of Feb. 5, 1917 ( 39 Stat. L., 874, 895), which, however, included provision for the continuation of this division.

-1-

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