Regional Security and the Future of Central Asia: The Competition of Iran, Turkey, and Russia

By Hooman Peimani | Go to book overview

example, Uzbekistan agreed in 1994 to supply gas to Kazakhstan in return for Kazakh products used in oil and gas industry 252 and to Kyrgyzstan in return for agricultural products, meat, and some manufactured goods. 253

The rivals have reacted differently to regional cooperation attempts. Turkey refrained from any attempt to discourage such a practice, while Iran has clearly supported any form of regional cooperation, such as the economic union of Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. 254 Because of its weakening impact on CA-Russian ties, these two rivals logically have every reason to encourage regional cooperation. However, the Central Asians have blamed Russia for using its power to stop this trend. A Kazakh presidential aide, Umirserik Kasenov, urged Russia "to curb its neoimperialist tendencies" toward the CA states and stop "obstructing local integration processes or the expansion of cooperation" between these states and other ECO states. 255


NOTES
1.
"Europe: The End of an Empire," Strategic Survey 1991-1992 ( May 1992): 27.
2.
Shahabi, "A General View,"122-123.
4.
"General Overview: Agriculture" DEIK Bulletin-Turkmenistan ( June 1994), 2.
5.
Nassrin Nossrat, "The Economic Situation of the Republic of Uzbekistan," JCACR 1, No. 4 (Spring 1993), 239.
6.
"General Economic Outlooks and Prospects," DEIK Bulletin-Kyrgyzstan ( April 1993), 2; "Tajikistan: Introductory Survey," in The Europa World Year Book 1994 ( London: Europa Publications Limited, 1994), 2752.
7.
"The Economy," DEIK Bulletin-Kyrgyzstan ( June 1994), 2.
8.
Shahabi, "A General View,"119; Nossrat, "Economic Situation,"238.
9.
Nossrat, "Economic Situation,"238.
10.
"General Overview: Mining and Energy," DEIK Bulletin-Turkmenistan ( June 1994), 2.
11.
Nossrat, "Economic Situation,"239.
12.
Dannreuther, "Creating New States,"35.
13.
"Economic Outlook and Recent Development," DEIK Bulletin-Kazakhstan ( April 1993), 3-4.
14.
Interfax, 2 February 1995, in FBIS-SOV- 95-023, 3 February 1995, 53; Kazakhstan Television Network, 4 January 1995, in FBIS-SOV- 95-003, 5 January 1995, 39.
15.
"Economic Outlooks and Prospects: Natural Resources," DEIK Bulletin-Uzbekistan ( April 1993), 2.
16.
Dannreuther, "Creating New States,"22.
17.
Interfax, 8 December 1994, FBIS-SOV- 94-237, 9 December 1994, 42; Kazakhstan Television Network, in FBIS-SOV- 95-003, 39.
18.
Interfax, 2 February 1995, 53; Kommersant-Daily, 3 February 1995, in FBIS-SOV- 95- 024, 6 February 1995, 66.
19.
"The Economy: Energy," DEIK Bulletin-Kyrgyzstan ( June 1994), 2; "Kyrgyzstan: Introductory Survey," in The Europa World Year Book 1993 ( London: Europa Publications Limited, 1993), 2752; Radio Tajikistan Network, 12 November 1993, FBIS-SOV- 93-218, 15 November 1993, 78.

-120-

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