social conflict involved in creating the state police are located. Based on
this analysis, I argue that the emergence of the state police was a product
of the progressive reform movement, with the primary motivating
factors being the increase in immigration from eastern and southern Europe and the desire to curb the growing labor movement. Support
for this argument is found in materials relating to the state police
movement in other states. Chapter 8 also addresses the question of state
police development within the context of the current debate over why,
how, and for whom the police were created. Recent interest in police
history has produced a number of studies concerning the emergence of
the United States police. As discussed above, three perspectives on
police development can be found in the literature: a social disorganization approach that focuses on the impact of industrialization and urban
growth; a political process explanation that stresses the impact of competing political factions; and a Marxist approach that advocates a class
analysis of police development. In applying these different perspectives
to the data on the state police I found that a modified political process
perspective offers the best explanation for the state police movement.
Finally, I have included an appendix. Much remains to be done in
police history, and the state police offer a wealth of research topics. The
appendix incudes a discussion of potential areas in need of further
research and a research bibliography intended as a reference tool for
police scholars that includes all known published and unpublished
books, articles, and manuscripts pertaining to the state police.
Roger C. Dunham and
Geoffrey P. Alpert, Critical Issues in Policing: Contemporary
Readings (Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, 1989), p. 1.
David H. Bayley, Patterns of Policing: A Comparative International Analysis ( New
Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1985), p. 5.
See, for example, Michael Banton, The Policeman in the Community ( London: Tavistock, 1964); Jerome H. Skolnick, Justice Without Trial: Law Enforcement in Democratic
Society ( New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1966); David J. Bordua, The Police. Six
Sociological Essays ( New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1967); Arthur Niederhoffer, Behind
the Shield: The Police in Urban America ( Garden City, NJ: Doubleday, 1967); James Q. Wilson
, Varieties of Police Behavior ( Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1969); Egon Bittner, The Functions of the Police in Modern Society (Chevy Chase, MD: National
Institute of Mental Health, 1970); Albert J. Reiss, The Police and the Public ( New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1971); Robert Fogelson, Big-City Police ( Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1977); Peter K. Manning, Police Work: The Social Organization
of Police ( Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1977); Jerome H. Skolnick and
David H. Bayley, The New Blue Line: Police Innovation in Six American Cities ( New York: Free Press, 1986);
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: State Police in the United States:A Socio-Historical Analysis.
Contributors: H. Kenneth Bechtel - Author.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1995.
Page number: 9.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may
not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.