Analysis of the State Police Movement
The patterns of activity identified in the previous discussion of the state police creation process in Illinois and Colorado provide support for my argument that the emergence of the state police was a product of the unique combination of events occurring during the first two decades of the twentieth century. Social and economic change, urban growth, immigration, labor troubles, and a world war created a climate in which different interests--business, reformers, and politicians--favored changes in traditional patterns of social control. Most of the state police forces created between 1905 and 1925 fall into this category. However, the discussion of state police developments in Colorado and Illinois illustrates differences in the creation process that require further analysis. Comparative study of the unique differences between these two similar responses to a common problem provides deeper insight into the process itself. Moreover, this type of analysis is made easier given the legislative nature of state police development as stated at the outset. This dimension of state police development affords the opportunity to analyze and evaluate their emergence as a case of lawmaking.
Study of the law creation process is firmly anchored in the "law in action" tradition within the sociology of law and has produced a number of important works. The most well-known are Hall's analysis of the Carrier's Case and the resulting theft laws, and the study of vagrancy laws by Chambliss. 1 In addition, other studies of specific laws such as prohibition, marijuana and heroin legislation, prostitution statutes, and