The Psychobiology of Sexual Arousal and Behavior
David L. Rowland
Sexual arousal, as well as its end point, sexual behavior, involves a web of physiological, psychological, and, cultural factors. Yet like most other biologically relevant behaviors, the personal experience of sexual arousal and response seldom reveals the complex mechanisms that underlie it. When a problem interferes with this mechanism, we are strongly motivated to analyze it, and only then are the intricacies uncovered.
Various models of sexual arousal and response have been proposed over the past century. Contemporary models are more detailed than earlier ones and emphasize different aspects of sexual response depending on the disciplinary framework from which they emanated. Some, for example, take a clinical or medical orientation toward sexual arousal and response, others a psychophysiological or approach.
The seed for the modern conceptualization of sexual response was planted by Masters and Johnson ( 1966), whose "sexual response cycle" attempted to provide descriptive labels for the sequence of physiological (mainly genital) events