The Psychology of Sexual Orientation, Behavior, and Identity: A Handbook

By Louis Diamant; Richard D. McAnulty | Go to book overview
2.
I have indicated sources for ideas throughout, but those who wish to have an overview of the subject can try the following recommended readings. A detailed history of psychoanalytic ideas about male homosexuality, along with a theoretical critique and historical analysis, is provided in Lewes ( 1988). The story of the official deletion of homosexuality from the list of mental disorders is well told by Bayer ( 1981). The classical theory of psychosexual development for heterosexuals and homosexuals was laid out by Freud himself ( 1905), and an important and interesting elaboration of it was made by Erikson ( 1950). The most important theorist of preoedipal development is Melanie Klein , whose work is extremely difficult but interesting ( 1932). An overview of her ideas is provided by Segal ( 1979). For a sampling of how this theory affected analytic views of homosexuality, begin with Bychowski ( 1945), Bergler ( 1956), and Socarides ( 1968). Relevant contemporary feminist developments are best represented by Benjamin ( 1988) and Chodorow ( 1989). Recent biological research is quite technical. To understand and evaluate it properly, one needs to be comfortable with statistical and genetic theory. Two articles, however, summarize these projects and their conclusions. The first was written by an analyst ( Friedman & Downey 1993), the second by biological researchers ( LeVay & Hamer 1994). Their approach and conclusions, however, are challenged on serious methodological and theoretical grounds by Byne and Parsons ( 1993) and Byne ( 1994).

REFERENCES

Bailey J., & Pillard R. ( 1991). "A genetic study of male sexual orientation". Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 1089-1096.

Bayer R. ( 1981). Homosexuality and american psychiatry. New York: Basic Books.

Benjamin J. ( 1988). The bonds of love: Psychoanalysis, feminism and the problem of domination. New York: Pantheon.

Bergler E. ( 1947). "Differential diagnosis between spurious homosexuality and perversion homosexuality". Psychiatric Quarterly, 21, 399-409.

Bergler E. ( 1949). The basic neurosis. New York: Harper and Brothers.

Bergler E. ( 1956). Homosexuality: Disease or way of life. New York: Hill and Wang.

Bergler E. ( 1959). One thousand homosexuals: Conspiracy of silence or curing and deglamorizing homosexuals? Paterson, NJ: Pageant Books.

Bieber I., et al. ( 1962). Homosexuality: A psychoanalytic study of male homosexuals. New York: Basic Books.

Boehm F. ( 1920). "Beitraege zur Psychologie der Homosexualitaet I: Homosexualitaet und Polygamie". Internationale Zeitschrift fuer Psychoanalyse, 6, 297-319.

Brill A. ( 1913). "The conception of homosexuality". Journal of the American Medical Association, 61, 335-340.

Burch B. ( 1993). "Heterosexuality, bisexuality and lesbianism: Rethinking psychoanalytic views of women's sexual object choice". Psychoanalytic Review, 80, 83-99.

Bychowski G. ( 1945). "The ego of homosexuals". International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 26, 114-127.

Byne W. ( 1994). "The biological evidence challenged". Scientific American, 270, 50-55.

Byne W., & Parsons B. ( 1993). "Human sexual orientation: The biological theories reappraised". Archives of General Psychiatry, 50, 228-239.

Chodorow N. ( 1989). Feminism and psychoanalytic theory. New Haven: Yale University Press.

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