kins & Schoen 1987). In these therapeutic procedures, the deviant CSs are repeatedly paired with the patient's attempt to induce sexual arousal through masturbatory behaviors immediately following the patient's having masturbated one or more times to orgasm. Therefore, the deviant CSs are presented in the absence of significant sexual arousal or orgasm (US), leading to extinction of the deviant conditioned sexual response.
While dysfunctionally inhibited as well as deviant sexual arousal has repeatedly been found to be clinically modifiable by therapeutic application of conditioning principles and methods, this does not in itself necessarily prove their role in the etiological acquisition of sexual problems. It does, however, demonstrate the powerful capacities of learning-conditioning phenomena to shape and modify sexual behavior.
Taken together, research on animal conditioning, ethological investigations, human experimentation, and experimental clinical studies provides strong empirical evidence indicating how basic principles of human and animal learning certainly play a crucial role in the development of the fundamental sexual arousal patterns and in the specific and diverse behavioral expressions of sexuality that individual humans ultimately exhibit.
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Publication information: Book title: The Psychology of Sexual Orientation, Behavior, and Identity:A Handbook. Contributors: Louis Diamant - Editor, Richard D. McAnulty - Editor. Publisher: Greenwood Press. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1995. Page number: 133.
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