Airline Labor and Other Statutes
This book has primarily been concerned with the Railway Labor Act and its effect on airlines and their employees. Still, there are many other statutes that have an important impact on the employment relationship. Foremost of the legal framework in aviation is the administrative regulation of the field by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The FAA has preempted safety regulation and the physical fitness requirements of aircraft and pilots.
In addition, aviation employment must deal with the Fair Labor Standards Act1 and the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act, 2 both of which are administered by the Department of Labor. The regulations of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration also apply to aviation. Such legislation and its purview goes far beyond the scope of this book.
This chapter deals with particular laws that have special impact on the airline industry. Other statutes considered in this chapter are the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 3 the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, 4 the Bankruptcy Act, 5 the Airline Deregulation Act, 6 and the National Labor Relations Act. 7
Enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the Civil Rights Act applies to employers and unions alike. It bans dis