Stepping Back: Nuclear Arms Control and the End of the Cold War

By William B. Vogele | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Strategic Arms Reduction Talks: 1982-1991

On 31 July 1991, Presidents George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev signed the first START agreement. 1 The treaty was a remarkable achievement in many ways. Nuclear weapons--the warheads, bombs, and cruise missiles--would be reduced by about a third. Most affected by the treaty would be land-based intercontinental missiles, of which the Soviet Union had a significant advantage. Far more lightly affected (even, in some ways, privileged) would be the nuclear weapons carried on long-range bombers, of which the United States had a numerical and technological edge. Like the INF agreement of 1987, START I created a detailed system of intrusive inspection rights and responsibilities. In the new treaty, however, inspection provisions would apply even to the remaining nuclear arsenal, meaning that each side was permitted to examine directly the operational weapons systems of its opponent.

Neither president could have predicted the course of events that would transpire in the next eighteen months, and probably neither expected their commitments to seek further reductions to be fulfilled so soon. Momentum to reduce nuclear forces increased in September 1991, when President Bush announced unilateral reductions in the American arsenal. Bush announced that the United States would redeploy all tactical nuclear weapons from overseas to the continental United States, including all tactical nuclear weapons on American surface ships and attack submarines. Furthermore, the United States would terminate its two mobile ICBM programs, remove from alert status over 1,000 ICBMs and SLBMs, as well as all strategic bombers. President Gorbachev responded quickly, saying the Soviet Union would destroy all remaining land-based tactical nuclear weapons (almost 10,000) and withdraw tactical nuclear warheads from surface ships and submarines. The Soviet Union would also unilaterally cut its strategic warheads to 5,000 (1,000 fewer than the START treaty prescribed), re


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Stepping Back: Nuclear Arms Control and the End of the Cold War


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 172

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?