disruptions can be anticipated and it is desirable to set a reasonable
time limit, there is some risk with an ambitious schedule of failing to
reach the demonstration goal simply because time ran out.
Even with the limited number of states participating and with the
diversity of approaches taken, this demonstration showed that states
could implement resource-leveraging partnerships to support low-
income weatherization. The program evaluation helped identify what
worked in the different approaches and provided insights into how to
successfully implement similar partnership mechanisms in the future.
An earlier version of this chapter appears on pp. 53-59 of Proceedings,
energy program evaluation: Conservation and resource management, Chicago, Illinois, 1989. The authors would like to thank Susan Heard of DOE's Office of
State and Local Assistance Programs and Richard Broncato and Nancy Tate,
formerly of the office, for their support throughout the project. We would also
like to thank the project participants in each state whose cooperation made
this evaluation possible.
This work was conducted for DOE's Office of State and Local Assistance
Program under Contract DE-AC06-76RLO 1830 and is reported in
Lee ( 1989).
Process evaluations address how programs work. They are usually contrasted with "outcome" or "Impact" evaluations which focus primarily on program outcomes.
The state projects provided tests of the feasibility of the concept proposed
by DOE. They provided information that could be used by a state or DOE to
decide whether to pursue such projects in the future and how to plan and implement them ( Patton, 1987).
Descriptive and exploratory approaches typically deal with questions
about ways in which the projects worked. Explanatory approaches deal more
with casual relationships associated with why the projects worked or didn't
See Callaway and
Lee ( 1989) for a more complete description of the
Ideally, a second and possibly third ranking and discussion would have
occurred, but time constraints prevented this. Several rounds permit participants to reflect on the perception of other participants and move toward consensus if possible.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Energizing the Energy Policy Process:The Impact of Evaluation.
Contributors: Roberta W. Walsh - Editor, John G. Heilman - Editor.
Publisher: Quorum Books.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1994.
Page number: 179.
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