Economic Reform and Political Change
The economic fate of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union in the early 1990s, and obviously during the whole decade, will depend not only on economic and social factors but also on an equation that has too many political uncertainties to yield a clear answer. The postcommunist countries are facing the challenge of establishing democratic rule in civil societies whose political culture for many decades was determined by an oppressive dictatorship. The transformation in postcommunist Europe requires a new political language and a new political vision. The radical economic changes are taking place in a political environment that resulted from the so-called tender revolutions or velvet revolutions (as in former Czechoslovakia) of 1989 in Central and Eastern Europe and the so-called completed bourgeois revolution in the former Soviet Union after the coup attempt in August 1991. The old bureaucratic communist structures at the low and medium levels are still in place, and their stubborn sabotage of change should not be underestimated. Today there is an urgent need not only of radical institutional changes, which will establish private property
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Eastern Europe in a Time of Change:Economic and Political Dimensions. Contributors: Iliana Zloch-Christy - Author. Publisher: Praeger Publishers. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1994. Page number: 29.