Since the first Carpatho-Rusyn press organ appeared in the United States in 1892, more than fifty different newspapers and journals have been published by
the group's fraternal societies, churches, political organizations, and cultural
associations. Very often these organs came into existence to propagate a specific
religious, political, or ethnonational orientation. This press not only became a
mirror reflecting the wide diversity in Rusyn-American society; in many ways
it actually defined what that society was.
On the Carpatho-Rusyns in the United States, see Paul R. Magocsi, "Carpatho-
Stephan Thernstrom, ed., Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups
( Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980), pp. 200-210; and Paul R. Magocsi, Our People: Carpatho-Rusyns and their Descendants in North America ( Toronto: Multicultural History Society of Ontario, 1984).
For an introduction to the extensive literature on the Carpatho-Rusyn homeland,
see Paul R. Magocsi, "An Historiographical Guide to Subcarpathian Rus'," Austrian
History Yearbook 9-10 ( 1973- 1974): 201-265; and Marian Jurkowski, "Łemkowszczyzna (material do bibliografii)," Slavia Orientalis 11 ( 1962): 525-536, reprinted as J. Kozłowski
, "Łemkowszczyzna," Annals of the World Lemkos' Federation 2 ( 1975): 240-254.
On Carpatho-Rusyns in the various regions of the European homeland, see, for
Transcarpathia: Paul R. Magocsi, The Shaping of a National Identity: Subcarpathian
Rus' 1848-1948 ( Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1978); for the Prešov
Region: Paul R. Magocsi, The Rusyn-Ukrainians of Czechoslovakia: An Historical Survey
( Vienna: Wm. Braumüller Universitäts Vlg., 1983); and for the Lemkian Region: I. F. Lemkyn [Ioann Polians'kyi]
, Istoriia Lemkovyny ( Yonkers, N.Y. Lemko Soiuz, 1969).
A convenient list of most of these is found in Frank Renkiewicz, The Carpatho-
Ruthenian Microfilm Project: A Guide to Newspapers and Periodicals ( St. Paul, Minn.: University of Minnesota Immigrant History Research Center, 1979).
Carpatho-Rusyn organizations and publishers used different transliteration systems to render in the Latin alphabet names and titles in their native language. We have
reproduced the original forms used by the organizations or individuals. When no such
form in the Latin alphabet is available, and for publications mentioned in the notes and
bibliography that appeared only in the Cyrillic alphabet, the Library of Congress transliteration system has been used (without final hard signs or diacritics) for Russian or
Ukrainian (with the additions, 5 = î and bI = ŷ for works in Rusyn).
A brief early history of the newspaper and an annotated bibliography of its contents
before World War I are found in James M. Evans, Guide to the Amerikansky Russky
Viestnik, Vol. 1: 1894- 1914 (Fairview N.Y.: Carpatho-Rusyn Research Center, 1979).
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Ethnic Press in the United States:A Historical Analysis and Handbook.
Contributors: Sally M. Miller - Editor.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1987.
Page number: 23.
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