The Ethnic Press in the United States: A Historical Analysis and Handbook

By Sally M. Miller | Go to book overview

its own newspapers; most of the periodicals listed by Lubomir and Anna Wynar and J. Balys were produced by this group. 21 With their self-images well defined after two decades of independence, these people view themselves as exiles and continue to denounce Lithuania's loss of independence. Once again the ethnic press finds itself imbued with a sense of mission and obligation to the homeland. At the present time it is particularly responsive to the needs of Soviet Lithuanian dissidents, providing a forum for the underground "samizdat" publications and publicizing human rights violations. There are also several English-language newsletters published solely for this purpose. 22

Lithuanian-American Protestants, always a minority, are represented by Mūsų Sparnai (Our wings), organ of the Lithuanian Evangelical Reformed Church in Exile, and Svečias (Guest), organ of the Lithuanian Evangelical Church. There are several publications for young adults: Ateitis (Future) for Catholics, Mūsų Vytis (Our knight) for academic-oriented scouts, Skautų Aidas for younger scouts, and a children's monthly, Eglute + ̊ (Little evergreen), published in Putnam, Connecticut, by the Sisters of the Immaculate Conception. Also available are several ideological-political journals representing parties which existed in independent Lithuania and were transplanted to this country in the 1950s. 23 With circulation figures ranging from about 500 to 1,000, many of these magazines exist because of the dedication of--and sometimes financial subsidies by--their publishers and editors, who are often the same people who started them some thirty years ago. The press is aging, but it is still vigorous and able to stir controversy within the community. Moreover, it provokes responses in Soviet Lithuania, where it is followed closely. 24 An important and long neglected matter is the need for archives to ensure that extant periodicals do not become bibliographical rarities. 25


NOTES
1.
Frank Lavinskas lists a total of 170 periodicals published during the period from 1879 to 1955. See Lavinskas, Amerikos lietuvių laikraščiai: 1879-1955 ( Long Island City, N.Y.: Privately printed, 1956). According to Lubomyr R. and Anna T. Wynar, Lithuanians, when compared with forty-three other ethnic groups, rank eleventh in number of publications, with forty-two periodicals having a circulation of 139,239. See Wynar and Wynar, Encyclopedic Directory of Ethnic Newspapers and Periodicals in the United States, 2nd ed. ( Littleton, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1976), pp. 142-150. John P. Balys, supplementing Wynar, lists twelve newspapers and forty-two journals. See Balys, "The American Lithuanian Press," Lituanus 22 (Spring 1976): 42-53. For a comprehensive overview see Vaclovas Biržiška, "The American Lithuanian Publications, 1875-1910," Journal of Central European Affairs 18 (Winter 1959): 396-408. Also see Dana J. Tautvilas , "The Lithuanian Press in America," Master's Thesis, Catholic University of America, 1961. Information from Tautvilas is reprinted in Leo J. Alilunas, ed., Lithuanians in the United States: Selected Studies ( San Francisco, Calif.: R&E Research Associates, 1978). John P. Balys has also prepared a union list, Lithuanian Periodicals in American Libraries ( Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, European Division, 1982).
2.
Following the final partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1775,

-242-

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The Ethnic Press in the United States: A Historical Analysis and Handbook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Notes xxi
  • 1: The Arabic-Language Press 1
  • Notes 13
  • Bibliography 14
  • 2: The Carpatho-Rusyn Press 15
  • Introduction 15
  • Conclusion 23
  • Notes 23
  • Notes 26
  • 3: The Chinese-American Press 27
  • Notes 39
  • Notes 42
  • 4: The Croatian Press 45
  • Notes 56
  • Notes 58
  • 5: The Danish Press 59
  • Bibliography 69
  • 6: The Dutch Press 71
  • Notes 82
  • Notes 83
  • 7: The Filipino-American Press 85
  • Introduction 85
  • Conclusion 95
  • Notes 96
  • Notes 99
  • 8: The Finnish Press 101
  • BEBLIOGRAPHY 113
  • 9: The Franco-American Press 115
  • Bibliography 128
  • 10: The German-American Press 131
  • Bibliography 158
  • 11: The Greek Press 161
  • Notes 174
  • Bibliography 176
  • 12: The Irish-American Press 177
  • Bibliography 188
  • 13: The Japanese-American Press 191
  • Bibliography 202
  • 14: The Jewish Press 203
  • Bibliography 227
  • 15: The Latvian and Lithuanian Press 229
  • Bibliography 236
  • Notes 242
  • Bibliography 244
  • 16: The Mexican-American Press 247
  • Bibliography 260
  • 17: The Norwegian-American Press 261
  • Bibliography 273
  • 18: The Polish-American Press 275
  • Bibliography 289
  • 19: The Portuguese Press 291
  • Bibliography 302
  • 20: The Puerto Rican Press 303
  • Bibliography 314
  • 21: The Romanian Press 315
  • Bibliography 324
  • 22: The Russian Press 325
  • Bibliography 335
  • 23: The Serbian Press 337
  • Bibliography 351
  • 24: The Slovak-American Press 353
  • Bibliography 368
  • 25: The Slovene-American Press 369
  • Bibliography 377
  • 26: The Swedish Press 379
  • Bibliography 391
  • 27: The Ukrainian Press 393
  • Bibliography 407
  • About the Editor and Contributors 409
  • Index 415
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