Ploughs and Politicks: Charles Read of New Jersey and His Notes on Agriculture, 1715-1774

By Carl Raymond Woodward | Go to book overview

Ten: Councillor

UNDER his royal commission of 1758, Charles Read was seated in the council when it convened at Perth Amboy, March 31, 1761. Meanwhile, George II had been succeeded by George III, and on June 25 following, new commissions were granted the members of the council under the new sovereign. When the council reconvened December first, Governor Hardy administered the oath of office to which Read again subscribed.1

About this time Read was brought into a controversy over a supreme court appointment. Near the close of Governor Bernard's administration Nathaniel Jones, a London attorney, presented to the governor a royal commission to the chief justiceship. Five years earlier Robert Hunter Morris, when appointed governor of Pennsylvania, had written the Board of Trade that he wished to resign the chief justiceship, but his letter was not acknowledged. Now that his Pennsylvania assignment had expired, he insisted upon remaining in the office of chief justice. Thus the governor found himself in a quandary. Morris requested Charles Read and David Ogden, as "two of the ablest and most experienced members of the Governor's Council," to represent him when the matter came up for judicial decision.2 The outcome was that Morris remained in office and Jones returned to England.

The commissioning of William Franklin as governor of New Jersey followed shortly after Josiah Hardy's recall by the London authorities. Franklin had accompanied his father to London, had studied law at the Middle Temple, had received an honorary Master of Arts at Oxford, and had made himself agreeable in official circles. His appointment, ap

____________________
1
N. J. Arch., 1st ser., XVII, 234, 269; also James Munro, ed., Acts of the Privy Council of England, Colonial Series, IV, 1745- 1766 ( London, 1911), 791.
2
William Nelson, New Jersey Biographical and Genealogical Notes. N. J. Hist. Soc. Col., IX ( 1916), 145. See also D. L. Kemmerer, op. cit., pp. 267-270.

-145-

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Ploughs and Politicks: Charles Read of New Jersey and His Notes on Agriculture, 1715-1774
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations ix
  • Foreword xi
  • BOOK I Charles Read of New Jersey 1
  • One: the Man and His Times 3
  • Two: Youth 22
  • Three: New Jerseyman 39
  • Four: Customs Collector 54
  • Five: Land Speculator 64
  • Six: Countryman 70
  • Seven: Ironmaster 86
  • Eight: Secretary 97
  • Nine: Legislator 121
  • Ten: Councillor 145
  • Eleven: Colonel 164
  • Twelve: Indian Commissioner 179
  • Thirteen: Jurist 195
  • Fourteen: Exile 212
  • BOOK II Reads Notes on Agriculture 227
  • Introduction 229
  • One: the Husbandry of the Soil 235
  • Two: the Husbandry of Plants 254
  • Three: the Husbandry of Animals 322
  • Four: the Husbandry of Bees 366
  • Five: Farm Structures and Farm Implements 368
  • Six: the Husbandry of the Household 385
  • Seven: Fisheries 399
  • APPENDIX A Sketch of Charles Read (from Aaron Leaming's Diary, November 14, 1775) 404
  • APPENDIX B Inventory of the Personal Estate of Charles Read IV 407
  • Bibliography 413
  • Glossary 443
  • Index 451
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