Segregation in Federally Subsidized Low-Income Housing in the United States

By Modibo Coulibaly; Rodney D. Green et al. | Go to book overview

holds but only 5 percent of the white households admitted in 1944 remained eligible for assistance twelve years later, in 1956. 67

Having examined the qualitatively different portions of public housing in the post-war period, we now merge these measures to obtain the best aggregate measure of racial segregation for the period (see Table 5.18). The values of both estimates are substantially below wartime levels.


SUMMARY: PATTERNS OF SEGREGATION IN THE EARLY PERIOD

The analysis of patterns of racial occupancy and income dispersal of subsidized low-rent housing shows persistent and pervasive racial segregation and income separation in federally subsidized housing during the period 1932-1963. This is reflected in the estimates of the indices of racial and income separation.

In the experimental program of the Housing Division of the PWA, the separation of tenants by race was nearly uniform and complete. Housing projects


Table 5.18
Estimates of the Index of Racial Segregation in Low-Rent
Public Housing, 1954-1962
Units in States with
Occupancy Pattern
Estimates (In) Based on
Year Total Units Open Segregated Assign Admit
1954 309,578 242,021 67,557 0.21 0.38
1955 252,900 193,096 59,804 0.20 0.37
1956 208,576 168,050 40,526 0.18 0.29
1957 230,522 181,857 48,665 0.19 0.31
1958 241,943 188,890 53,053 0.19 0.36
1959 250,379 201,530 48,849 0.18 0.35
1960 261,093 210,032 51,061 0.18 0.33
1961 275,904 222,115 53,789 0.17 0.30
1962 291,086 228,003 63,083 0.19 0.29
Source: Based on data from HHFA, Intergroup Relations Branch, Trends Toward Open Occupancy in Low-Rent Housing: Progress by the Public Housing Administration ( 1955-1963).

-92-

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Segregation in Federally Subsidized Low-Income Housing in the United States
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Preface xi
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • Notes 3
  • 2 - Housing, History, and Schools of Thought 5
  • Summary of the Post-Civil Rights Literature 17
  • Notes 18
  • 3 - Development of Low-Income Housing in the United States 23
  • Summary 35
  • Notes 36
  • 4 - Research Procedure 43
  • Summary 58
  • Notes 59
  • 5 - Patterns of Segregation in Low-Income Housing, 1932-1963 63
  • Conclusion About the PWA 69
  • Conclusions About the USHA 80
  • Conclusions About War Housing 86
  • Summary: Patterns of Segregation in the Early Period 92
  • Notes 94
  • 6 - Patterns of Racial Segregation and Economic Isolation, 1964-1992 101
  • Summary 117
  • Notes 119
  • 7 - Trends in Subsidized Housing Segregation 123
  • Summary 129
  • Notes 130
  • 8 - Summary and Conclusion 131
  • Appendix 135
  • Note 137
  • Selected Bibliography 139
  • Index 151
  • ABOUT THE AUTHORS 155
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