|Total||In CC||In NCC||Index|
|Source: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 1974.|
|Notes: ACC = Annual Contribution Contract; CC = central city; NCC = noncentral city.|
Based on the assumed definition of income integration (an equal division of units between the two geographic areas), the estimate of the index of income separation in 1968 is 0.27 (see Table 6.13). Overall, for the period 1968- 1974, the estimate Ds of the index of income separation is 0.23.
The distribution of the Section 8, Section 236, and Rent Supplement programs units among central-city and noncentral-city areas in 1977 is shown in Table 6.14.
For units with a known geographic location, the estimate Dn is
Dn = 10.71 - 0.501 = 0.21 (28)
The analysis of the patterns of income and racial distribution of subsidized low-income housing shows continuing racial segregation, despite the adoption of the Civil Rights and Fair Housing Acts, and income separation, despite a relative decline in the concentration of housing projects in low-income central-city areas.
Between 1968 and 1974, over 73 percent of subsidized housing units leased to tenants were located in low-income areas. In 1981 and 1983, this proportion declined to 70 percent and 66 percent, respectively. This reflected to some extent significant variation by housing subsidy programs, inasmuch as