Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

By R. C. Terry | Go to book overview
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Daguilar, Maria, beautiful daughter of Mr Pomfret's Spanish partner, with a 'quiet sustained decision of character', much superior to John Pomfret, whom she none the less loves and marries. "'Bull'" TAC1 GRH

Daily Telegraph, a Liberal paper founded in 1855, the first London daily to sell for one penny. The Times, in contrast, cost sevenpence, while the Tory Standard and the Liberal Daily News sold for fivepence. By 1877, the Telegraph claimed a daily circulation of nearly 250,000, the highest in the world. The most significant of Trollope's interactions with the Daily Telegraph took place between 1869 and 1872. In a leading article on 31 March 1869, the Telegraph charged that several characters in Phineas Finn were 'thinly disguised' portraits of a number of living politicians, including Disraeli, Gladstone, Lord Russell, Lord Derby, and the radical politician John Bright. Trollope denied this in a letter published the next day: 'I intended neither portrait or caricature, and most assuredly I have produced neither' ( Letters 1, 468). Privately, however, Trollope admitted that it was his practice to use well-known politicians as 'models' for his characters. In the same year, Trollope found himself in opposition to the Telegraph regarding a subject even closer to his heart: fox-hunting. This controversy commenced when the historian E. A. * Freeman attacked fox-hunting in an article in the Fortnightly Review of October 1869. Trollope, who was so closely connected to the Fortnightly that he regarded the publication of this article 'almost as a rising of a child against the father' ( Auto X), replied to Freeman in the December issue. John * Morley, editor of the Fortnightly, allowed Freeman a final rejoinder, but dissuaded Trollope from continuing the debate. None the less, Freeman contributed two lengthy letters to the Daily Telegraph, which endorsed his position. The Telegraph also published several other letters opposed to fox-hunting, including one from John *Ruskin. Despite these differences with Trollope, the Telegraph agreed in 1871 to publish a series of travel letters, to be written by Trollope from Australia, and signed "'Antipodean'". The series, which The Times had declined, began in the Telegraph on 23 December 1871 and concluded on 28 December 1872. Meanwhile, on 1 April 1872, a play entitled Shilly-Shally began a one-month run at the Gaiety Theatre. Although the play was announced as having been co-authored by Trollope and by the novelist Charles *Reade, it was in fact a dramatization of Ralph the Heir prepared entirely by Reade. When several critics, including Clement Shorter in the Daily Telegraph, attacked the play as coarse and indelicate, Reade wrote to the paper to announce that he was suing some of the critics for slander. ( Reade eventually won his suit against the drama critic of the Morning Advertiser and was awarded £200 in damages.) Trollope, however, was not even aware that Reade had adapted his novel for the stage until 20 May 1872, when a letter from Reade, dated 7 March, caught up with Trollope in Melbourne. As Reade remarked, he had no legal obligation to consult Trollope before adapting the novel; indeed, Reade believed he was behaving generously by naming Trollope as his co-author and offering to share the profits. Trollope disagreed, and wrote to the Pall Mall Gazette to dissociate himself from the play. Trollope became even more angry when he learned of the negative reviews and saw Reade's letter to the Daily Telegraph. On 1 June, Trollope addressed his own letter to the Telegraph, in which he again disclaimed any responsibility for Shilly-Shally. Published on 6 August, it was his last contribution to the newspaper. The Morning Breakfast Table in The Way We Live Now was probably the Telegraph, which was gaining circulation steadily in the 1870s. PTS

Dale, Captain Bernard, son of Colonel Orlando and Lady Fanny Date and heir presumptive of his uncle, Squire Dale of Allington. A small, slight man with moustaches and a confident air, he has succeeded with the corps of Engineers, though not with his cousin Isabella Dale, who rejects his proposal. In The Last Chronicle of Barset the 30-year-old lover marries Martha Thorne's niece Emily Dunstable. SHA NCS


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