The following are brief descriptions, arranged alphabetically, of the various cultures that have been mentioned in the text. The examples used have been chosen because the styles are well represented in museums, and the published material is extensive and easily available. The examples most often used are named in boldface, and throughout this index page and figure numbers are included to help round out the picture without too many repetitions. A few references are provided for further information.
Abelam, see Sepik River. Fig. 6.01
Algonkian, p. 23; Fig. 2.02, 3. 10.
Algonkian is a language family widespread in northeast North America. The people more specifically referred to by that name lived north of the Iroquois; they were woodland hunters in the sub-artic area.
Ref. Spencer jennigs, et Al 1977. Amazon, p. 36; Fig. 2.10.
Not much is known of the prehistory of this vast area. Very little has been preserved in the archeological record, as stone is rare and organic materials quickly disappear. In some ways the numerous tribal groups were comparable to those of New Guinea, with emphasis on the ceremonies connected with feuds and headhunting. In some areas the entire village was housed in a single thatched structure. Perhaps because villages were moved with some frequency, houseposts and other wood carving does not seem to have been important. The arts were, and are, for the most Part ephemeral.
Ref. Steward and Faron 1959; Meggers 1971.
This area of South America was Probably not politically unified untill the time of the Inca Empire, just before the Conquest. However, like the civilizations of Mesoamerica, of India and of China, there was a cultural unity and local development of socio-cultural compexity that makes it one Of the great pre-industrial