General Organization of French Justicea
a This schedule does not take the Constitutional Council into account as it is not a court as such,
except in electoral matters. Its role is mainly to ensure the conformity of laws voted by Parliament
( National Assembly + Senate) with the Constitution and with the rules applicable thereto.
b The Conflicts Court is not a permanent jurisdiction. It sits occasionally in order to solve a conflict
between the judicial and administrative jurisdictions. It is made up of judges of the Cour de Cassation
and judges of the Conseil d,État in equal representation. If no solution is found, the conflict is
resolved by the Minister of Justice, who is the ex officio President of the Court.
c The situation of the Conseil d'État is not exactly parallel with that of the Cour de Cassation in respect
to the administrative courts. Although it is sometimes the ultimate judge, it can also rule in appeal
and even in first and last resort. The tendency of recent years is to transform it into a supreme
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Civil Justice in Crisis:Comparative Perspectives of Civil Procedure.
Contributors: Adrian A. S. Zuckerman - Editor, Sergio Chiarloni - AssociateEditor, Peter Gottwald - AssociateEditor.
Publisher: Oxford University Press.
Place of publication: Oxford.
Publication year: 1999.
Page number: 329.
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