Geronimo and the End of the Apache Wars

By C. L. Sonnichsen | Go to book overview
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THE SURRENDER OF GERONIMO

by Lieutenant Charles B. Gatewood, U. S. A.

This is Lieutenant Charles B. Gatewood's account, never published, of his part in Geronimo's surrender, transcribed from his handwritten manuscript in the Gatewood Collection, Arizona Historical Society archives, Tucson, Arizona. Casually written and hastily corrected, this account provides useful information about the last stages of the journey to Skeleton Canyon. It is specially interesting for its revelation of Gatewood's character -- steadfast, honorable, and, at the same time, modest, self-deprecating, and lightened by a good sense of humor. Although he uses the language of another time (bucks, squaws, hostiles), Lieutenant Gatewood respected his Indians and they responded.

The Gatewood Collection at AHS also contains an edited version of this account by Major Charles B. Gatewood, who accumulated letters and documents supporting his father's claim to credit for the chief role in bringing about the surrender. This useful manuscript, twice as long as the original, was printed in shortened form in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting and Dinner of the Order of Indian Wars of the United States ( Washington, 1929) and reprinted in the Arizona Historical Review, vol. 4 ( April, 1931), pp. 33-44.

IN JULY, 1886, Gen. Miles after an interview with some of the friendly Chiricahuas at Fort Apache, A. T., determined to send two of them, Ka-teah [Kayitah] and Martin [Martine] to the hostiles with a message, demanding their surrender, promising removal to Florida or to the east. The final disposition of them was to be left to the President of the United States. I was selected to accompany them. Written authority was given me to call upon any officer commanding U. S. troops, except those of several small columns operating in Mexico, for whatever aid

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