the nationalization of all major industries and enterprises owned by Germans and Czech collaborators. None of these generated popular opposition; the Nazi occupation had succeded in muddling property relations to such an extent that the old rules no longer applied.
Toma Peter A, "The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia," in Stephen Fischer-Galati, ed. The Communist Parties of Eastern Europe ( New York, 1979).
Meciar, Vladimir (1942- ). Meciar graduated from the Komsomol College in Moscow, an institute established by the Soviet communist leaders for the training of foreign youth in Marxist-Leninist doctrine. After his return to Czechoslovakia, Meciar occupied various positions in the Communist party apparatus. He was chairman of the Czechoslovak Socialist Youth Union, District National Committee at Ziar and Hronom, and was deputy chairman of the People's Control Committee between 1967 and 1969. However, Meciar expressed some opinions that conflicted with the official positions of the party and was therefore dismissed from these posts. In 1970, he was expelled from the Czechoslovak Communist party.
For the next three years, he worked as a smelter. In 1973, however, he completed his studies for a law degree and was appointed attorney for the Skloobal bottle factory in Nemsova, Slovakia. In 1990, Meciar was elected a deputy to the Czechoslovak National Assembly as a representative of the group, Public against Violence (see Civic Forum and Public against Violence). In January 1990, he was appointed minister of internal affairs and the environment of Slovakia. Six months later, he became prime minister of the Slovak half of Czechoslovakia. In April 1991, however, Meciar was dismissed from the prime ministership because of his abrasive, authoritarian style and his outspoken Slovak nationalism.
In 1991, he was elected chairman of the Slovak nationalist party, called Movement for a Democratic Slovakia In March 1992, Meciar was accused in parliament of having been an informer for the Czechoslovak secret police during the communist regime, but these charges have not been proven. In June 1992, Meciar was elected once again as prime minister of Slovakia, and he engineered the separation of Slovakia from the Czech Republic in January 1993. Since then, he continued a nationalist Slovak course. He became involved in a bitter dispute with the Czech Republic over the distribution of the former assets of Czechoslovakia. His arguments with Hungary have centered on the treatment of Slovakia's large Hungarian minority and on the building of a dam on the Danube river, which is choking off water supplies for some Hungarian regions. Meciar has also battled with his own cabinet.
Kalniczky Adele, "The Slovak Government's First Six Months in Office," Radio Free Europe Research Report. 2.6 ( February 5, 1993), pp. 18-25.
Mikova, Marie (1920- ). Mikova joined the Czechoslovak Communist party in