the ruler of communist Romania, he ordered the arrest of Foris and had him beaten to death by Vasile Posteacu, with an iron pipe. Posteacu was then awarded the post of deputy minister of the interior. He even received the Order of Tudor Vladimirescu from Ceausescu in 1968.
In August 1944, Bodnaras cooperated with King Michael in the arrest of General Ion Antonescu and the changing of sides by Romania during the war. The king turned Antonescu over to Bodnaras and Lucretiu Patrascanu (see Patrascanu, Lucretiu), another communist leader, who spirited the Romanian general out of Bucharest and delivered him to the Red Army.
When the Groza-government was formed in 1945, Bodnaras served as a top aid for the prime minister. When the king was sent into exile, the new government included Bodnaras as minister of defense. In 1950, Bodnaras used Nicolae Ceausescu as his deputy. By then, Bodnaras was a member of the Politburo of the Communist party, one of the most powerful men after Gheorghiu-Dej in Romania. Upon the death of Gheorghiu-Dej in 1965, Bodnaras was one of the sponsors of Ceausescu for the post of first secretary of the Communist party. In turn, Ceausescu included Bodnaras in the new Politburo (now called the Presidium) of the Communist party. However, when Ceausescu ordered the rehabilitation of Patrascanu and Foris, and revealed that the charges against them had been false, and that they had been tortured, Bodnaras, who was a member of the Politburo, was discredited. Nevertheless, Bodnaras survived Ceausescu, and when the revolution broke out in December 1989, he fled to the Soviet Union.
Fischer-Galati Stephen, The Socialist Republic of Romania ( Baltimore, MD, 1969); Floyd David , Rumania: Russia's Dissident Ally ( New York, 1965); Ionescu Ghita, Communism in Romania, 1944-1962 ( New York, 1964).
Brasov Strike. The city of Brasov is an old city, established by German settlers in the twelfth century. It was part of Siebenburgen (seven cities) in Transylvania. The city was an important center of the Levantine trade in the later Middle Ages, long before Romania appeared in the northern reaches of the Carpathian mountains. The city became part of Romania in 1918 as a reward for Romania's participation in World War I on the side of the Western Allies. It is located 150 miles north of Bucharest.
November 15, 1987, was local election day. Crowds took to the streets, however, for other reasons. They demonstrated for economic and political changes. The demonstrations began at a large truck factory in the suburbs where negotiations between management and workers were stalemated. Several hundred workers then marched toward the center of the city. Voting, that is, confirming the Communist party's choices for local offices, was the last thing on their minds. By the time they reached the city center, the crowd had grown to 15,000. They chanted, "Down with the dictator!" "Down with communism!" The crowd stormed the local party headquarters and
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Dictionary of East European History since 1945. Contributors: Joseph Held - Author. Publisher: Greenwood Press. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1994. Page number: 385.