1991, Croatia declared its dissociation and, on October 7, its independence from Yugoslavia. The state quickly received recognition from most major countries.
Bicanic Ivo, and Domicis Iva, "Tudjman Remains Dominant After Croatian Elections," Radio Free Europe Research Report, 1.37 ( September 18, 1992), pp. 20-26; Bonifacic Antun F. , and Mihanovic Clements, eds. The Croatian Nation ( Chicago, IL, 1955); Borowiec Andrew , Yugoslavia after Tito ( New York, 1977); Crnja Z., Cultural History of Croatia ( Zagreb, 1962); Johnson Ross A., Yugoslavia: In the Twilight of Tito ( Beverly Hills, CA, 1974);. Moore Patrick, "Issues in Croatian Politics," Radio Free Europe Research Report, 1. 44 ( November 6, 1992), pp. 9-12; -----, "War Returns to Croatia," Radio Free Europe Research Report 2. 9 ( February 26, 1993), pp. 40-43; Shoup Paul, Communism and the Yugoslav National Question ( New York, 1968); Stojkovic Ljubisa, and Martic Milos, National Minorities in Yugoslavia ( Belgrade, 1952).
Dapcevic, Peko, General (1913-) . General Dapcevic was born in Montenegro and attended the University of Belgrade where he joined the Communist party in 1933. Dapcevic fought in the Spanish civil war and became the first Yugoslav commander of a brigade. After his return to Yugoslavia, he was arrested and jailed. During the German occupation of Yugoslavia, he was in charge of organizing the resistance in Montenegro. In 1942, he was commander of the fourth, then the second partisan division. In 1943, he commanded the second corps of the Partisan Liberation Army. In 1944, he was the commander of the Partisan Liberation Army in Serbia. In 1946, he was commander of the Fourth Yugoslav Army in the Yugoslav zone of Trieste. In the same year, Dapcevic was appointed commander of an army corps at Skoplje, and he directed guerrilla actions in northern Greece.
Between 1953 and 1955, Dapcevic was chief of staff of the Yugoslav armed forces. He was also a member of the Central Committee of the Communist party and of the People's Front. However, in 1953, he became indirectly involved in the Djilas affair (see Djilas, Milovan). It seems that his wife mistreated Djilas' spouse, which the latter used to argue for the establishment of a second political party. Soon thereafter, Dapcevic was removed from his commanding position in the army and was relegated to an obscure position.
Avakumovic Ivan, History of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia ( Aberdeen, England, 1964); Byrnes Robert F., Yugoslavia ( New York, 1957).
Dedijer, Vladimir (1914-?) . Dedijer was born into a well-to-do family and attended the University of Belgrade. In 1939, he joined the illegal Communist party and became a close collaborator of Tito (see Tito, Josip Broz). For two years he was a correspondent for the Belgrade newspaper Politika and was stationed in London. In July 1941, after the German attack on Yugoslavia, he returned home and became chief of propaganda for Tito's Partisan army. In 1944, the British Mediterranean Command
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Publication information: Book title: Dictionary of East European History since 1945. Contributors: Joseph Held - Author. Publisher: Greenwood Press. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1994. Page number: 454.