egotism and venality was greatly bolstered by his standing in the movement, where his "moral authority" was widely recognized.
At the same time, the membership in the group could not alleviate Yugoslavia's increasing isolation in Europe, where economic power was shifting more and more to the Common Market. Titos unconditional support for Arab extremists against Israel, created revulsion even within his own country. As a consequence, Yugoslavia found itself increasingly handicapped in its efforts to capitalize on its standing in the Third World for economic development. Tito's diplomacy simply could not be backed up by his country's resources. The Federal Republic of Germany ( West Germany) broke off diplomatic relations with Yugoslavia over Tito's recognition of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) as a legitimate state of Germans, cutting off an important source of foreign investments.
Tito died in 1980, leaving behind a collective presidency. By then, Yugoslavia's foreign policy orientation, and the posturing of the new leaders who inherited Tito's ambition but not his international standing, had become obsolete. Diplomatically; economically, and politically, therefore, the Yugoslav state was completely unprepared for the breakup of the Soviet Union and the demise of communism in Eastern Europe. These leaders operated on the basis to winch they had become accustomed during Tito's dictatorship. Disregarding public opinion at home and abroad, they began a devastating civil war in 1991, for which the entire world community condemned them Yugoslavia is isolated, it is suffering under a total embargo imposed on it by the United Nations. Even this could not compel its leaders to change their policies.
Djordjevic Dimitrije, "The Yugoslav Experiment," in Joseph Held, ed. The Columbia History of Eastem Europe in the Twentieth Century ( New York, 1992); Kardelj Edvard, Yugoslavia in International and in the Nonaligned World ( Belgrade, 1979); Mc Charles P. Vicker , Titoism, Pattern for International Communisin ( New York, 1957); Royal Institute for International Affairs, Soviet-Yugoslav Dispute ( London, 1948); Rubinstein Alvin Z., Yugoslavia and the Nonaligned World ( Princeton, NJ, 1970).
Gligorov, Kiro (1917-). Born to middle-class parents, Gligorov attended the University of Belgrade where he studied law. After the German invasion of Yugoslavia, Gligorov joined Tito's (see Tito, Josip Broz) Partisan army. A Macedonian by birth, he was delegated by Tito to serve as a member of the Antifascist Assembly for the People's Liberation of Macedonia, a communist cover group.
Gligorov was appointed a member of the provisional government of Yugoslavia in 1945. In that same year, he joined the Yugoslav Communist party, and was appointed assistant to the secretary-general of the Federal government of Yugoslavia. Two years later, he served as assistant to the minister of finance. In 1952, he became deputy director of the Federal Administration for Economic Planning and Development. Three years later, he moved to the post of secretary, for economic affairs of the Fed