Dictionary of East European History since 1945

By Joseph Held | Go to book overview

his father was the assistant librarian at the University of Vienna. His family moved to the University of Ljubljana where his father became a professor of Slavistics. He graduated from secondary school and went to Charles University in Prague to study chemistry, but he did not graduate.

In 1928, Kidric joined the Communist party and performed various tasks at the party's behest in Slovenia. He was a member of Tito's Partisan army from its beginning. He was appointed political commissar for Slovenia, where he is remembered for the brutality with which communism was imposed on the population. In 1945, he was appointed premier for Slovenia. His administration was marked by its special brutality and bloodshed. In 1946, Kidric was sent to the Soviet Union to study the Soviet economy, especially the organization of the Soviet five-year plans. He returned the saw year and was appointed chairman of the Central Economic Council and minister of the federal ministry of industry. He became chairman of the Central Commission for Planning in 1948, replacing Andrej Hebrang (see Hebrand, Andrej) in the post.

He had great power, he controlled not only the Planning Commission, but also the ministries of finance, agriculture, and foreign trade. He was the organizer of the first- five year plan and the ruthless collectivization drive. He was also the architect of the organization of compulsory deliveries. He was a member of the Politburo of the Communist party from 1944. In 1952, when the collectivization drive collapsed, Kidric died of leukemia.


Bibliography

Burns Robert E, Yugoslavia ( New York, 1957); Djilas Aleksa, The Contested Country. Yugoslav Unity and the Communist Revolution ( Cambridge, MA, 1991); Zaninovic M. George, The Development of Socialist Yugoslavia ( Baltimore, MD, 1968).

Kolisevski, Lazar ( 1914- ). Born in Skoplje, Macedonia, Kolisevski joined the Communist party in 1932. He was a worker at the state arms factory at Kragujevac, where he performed clandestine work for the party. He joined the partisan army in 1941 and became secretary to the Macedonian Communist party. He organized several partisan groups in Macedonia. He was arrested in 1942 by the Bulgarians, who occupied Macedonia at that time, and he was sent to prison on a fifteen-year sentence. In 1945, the Soviet Red Army liberated him from jail. After 1945, he became premier of the Macedonian republic. In 1953, Kolisevski was appointed a member of the federal government. He was also a member of the Politburo of the Communist party of Yugoslavia.


Bibliography

Byrnes Robert F., Yugoslavia ( New York, 1957); Hoffman George W., and Neal F. Warner, Yugoslavia and the New Communism ( New York, 1962); Pavlowitch Stevan K., The Improbable Survivor: Yugoslavia and its Problems 1918-1988 ( London, 1988).

Kosovo, the Intractable Yugoslav Problem. The destabilization of Yugoslavia in

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