American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1

By Daniel F. Littlefield Jr.; James W. Parins | Go to book overview

vast amounts of periodical literature by and about contemporary Indians and Alaska Natives. Much of that literature appeared in newspapers and periodicals published or edited by them or in newspapers and periodicals devoted to their affairs. During that period, the Indian and Native press had its foundation; there, one finds the antecedents for the many Indian and Native editors and publishers whose newspapers and periodicals form a vital part of today's Indian or Native scene. That period, too, witnessed the flourish and decline of an essentially pro- Indian, though at times misguided, nonsectarian press, which has all but disappeared in the twentieth century as Indians and Natives have been able to resume more and more control of their affairs. It also witnessed the flourish and decline of the Indian Service school and agency publications, which were means for implementing federal policy.

Paradoxes abound in all of these types of publications. The native press, when it engaged in tribal or intertribal factionalism, contributed to the decline of tribal power. The press of the so-called friends of the Indians often worked against the best interests of the Indians by promoting such policies as allotment of lands in severalty. Finally, many of the Indian Service school publications, although instruments of cultural destruction, are excellent examples of the printing craft learned by the students. Those students made up part of the generation of native editors, publishers, and printers whose work bridged the gap between 1924 and the burst of vitality in American Indian and Alaska Native journalism during the last two decades.


Notes
1.
See, e.g., Index to Literature on the American Indian 1971 ( San Francisco: The Indian Historian Press, 1972), 191-230; and Barry Klein (ed.), Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian (Rye, New York: Todd Publications, 1978), 1: 248-268.
2.
Theda Perdue, "Rising from the Ashes: The Cherokee Phoenix as an Ethnohistorical Source," Ethnohistory, 24 (Summer, 1977), 207-218,
3.
Unless otherwise indicated, dates in parentheses indicate the founding.
4.
The Indian Craftsman, 2 ( October, 1909), 35, and 2 ( November, 1909), 42; The Red Man, 4 ( December, 1911), 138, 4 ( April, 1912), 356, 5 ( September, 1912), 41-42, 5 ( February, 1913), 264-265, 6 ( February, 1914), 241, 6 ( September, 1913), 40-41, 7 ( January, 1915), 182-183, and 7 ( November, 1914), 110-111; The Indian School Journal, 19 ( April, 1919), 313. Oscar H. Lipps, "Edgar K. Miller--Master Teacher: An Appreciation, " The Indian School Journal, 33 ( December, 1933), 35.
5.
For Indian movements toward reform, see Hazel W. Hertzberg, The Search for an American Indian Identity: Modern Pan-Indian Movements ( Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1971), 59-134. Useful concerning California groups is Edward D. Castillo, "Twentieth-Century Secular Movements," in Robert F. Heizer (ed.), Handbook of North American Indians: California ( Washington: D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1978), 713- 717.
6.
See Francis Paul Prucha, American Indian Policy in Crisis: Christian Reformers and the Indian, 1865-1900 ( Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1976), passim.
7.
The Albuquerque Indian, 1 ( July, 1905), 12.

-xxxi-

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American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Conclusion xxxi
  • GUIDE TO INFORMATION SOURCES IN THE ENTRIES xxxiii
  • A 3
  • Note 4
  • Note 5
  • Note 6
  • Note 9
  • Notes 18
  • Note 20
  • Note 23
  • Notes 27
  • Notes 30
  • Notes 32
  • Notes 34
  • Note 37
  • B 39
  • Notes 40
  • Notes 42
  • Note 43
  • C 47
  • Notes 49
  • Note 51
  • Note 55
  • Notes 58
  • Notes 73
  • Notes 79
  • Notes 81
  • Note 82
  • Notes 84
  • Notes 91
  • Notes 94
  • Notes 97
  • Note 98
  • Notes 102
  • Notes 103
  • Notes 104
  • Notes 107
  • Note 109
  • Note 111
  • Notes 116
  • Notes 120
  • D 123
  • Notes 124
  • Notes 125
  • Notes 127
  • Notes 131
  • E 133
  • Notes 134
  • F 137
  • Notes 138
  • G 141
  • Notes 141
  • H 143
  • Note 143
  • Notes 147
  • I 151
  • Notes 162
  • Note 167
  • Notes 168
  • Note 170
  • Notes 171
  • Note 172
  • Note 173
  • Notes 176
  • Note 180
  • Note 185
  • Notes 189
  • Notes 195
  • Notes 200
  • Notes 204
  • Note 209
  • Notes 213
  • Notes 216
  • Note 219
  • Notes 220
  • Notes 224
  • Notes 229
  • Notes 231
  • Note 234
  • Notes 241
  • Notes 245
  • L 247
  • M 249
  • Note 250
  • Note 251
  • Note 255
  • Note 256
  • Note 259
  • Note 260
  • Note 263
  • Notes 264
  • Notes 266
  • N 267
  • Notes 269
  • Notes 270
  • Note 273
  • Notes 277
  • O 279
  • Note 289
  • Notes 292
  • Notes 295
  • P 297
  • Notes 300
  • Notes 301
  • Notes 303
  • Q 305
  • Note 306
  • Note 307
  • R 309
  • Note 312
  • Notes 316
  • Notes 320
  • Notes 325
  • S 327
  • Note 328
  • Notes 329
  • Notes 330
  • Notes 332
  • Note 334
  • Note 335
  • Notes 337
  • Notes 338
  • Note 340
  • Note 343
  • Notes 346
  • Notes 347
  • Note 349
  • Notes 352
  • T 355
  • Notes 356
  • Note 361
  • Note 363
  • Notes 369
  • V 371
  • Notes 372
  • Notes 375
  • Note 377
  • W 379
  • Notes 380
  • Notes 382
  • Notes 384
  • Note 386
  • Notes 389
  • Notes 394
  • Notes 398
  • Notes 399
  • Note 402
  • Note 406
  • Notes 407
  • Y 409
  • SUPPLEMENTAL LIST OF TITLES 411
  • APPENDIX A LIST OF TITLES BY CHRONOLOGY 425
  • APPENDIX B LIST OF TITLES BY LOCATION 431
  • APPENDIX C LIST OF TITLES BY TRIBAL AFFILIATION OR EMPHASIS 439
  • Index 447
  • About the Authors 483
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