vast amounts of periodical literature by and about contemporary Indians and
Alaska Natives. Much of that literature appeared in newspapers and periodicals
published or edited by them or in newspapers and periodicals devoted to their
affairs. During that period, the Indian and Native press had its foundation; there,
one finds the antecedents for the many Indian and Native editors and publishers
whose newspapers and periodicals form a vital part of today's Indian or Native
scene. That period, too, witnessed the flourish and decline of an essentially pro-
Indian, though at times misguided, nonsectarian press, which has all but disappeared in the twentieth century as Indians and Natives have been able to
resume more and more control of their affairs. It also witnessed the flourish and
decline of the Indian Service school and agency publications, which were means
for implementing federal policy.
Paradoxes abound in all of these types of publications. The native press, when
it engaged in tribal or intertribal factionalism, contributed to the decline of tribal
power. The press of the so-called friends of the Indians often worked against
the best interests of the Indians by promoting such policies as allotment of lands
in severalty. Finally, many of the Indian Service school publications, although
instruments of cultural destruction, are excellent examples of the printing craft
learned by the students. Those students made up part of the generation of native
editors, publishers, and printers whose work bridged the gap between 1924 and
the burst of vitality in American Indian and Alaska Native journalism during the
last two decades.
See, e.g., Index to Literature on the American Indian 1971 ( San Francisco: The
Indian Historian Press, 1972), 191-230; and
Barry Klein (ed.), Reference Encyclopedia
of the American Indian (Rye, New York: Todd Publications, 1978), 1: 248-268.
Theda Perdue, "Rising from the Ashes: The Cherokee Phoenix as an Ethnohistorical
Source," Ethnohistory, 24 (Summer, 1977), 207-218,
Unless otherwise indicated, dates in parentheses indicate the founding.
The Indian Craftsman, 2 ( October, 1909), 35, and 2 ( November, 1909), 42; The
Red Man, 4 ( December, 1911), 138, 4 ( April, 1912), 356, 5 ( September, 1912), 41-42,
5 ( February, 1913), 264-265, 6 ( February, 1914), 241, 6 ( September, 1913), 40-41, 7
( January, 1915), 182-183, and 7 ( November, 1914), 110-111; The Indian School Journal, 19 ( April, 1919), 313.
Oscar H. Lipps, "Edgar K. Miller--Master Teacher: An Appreciation, " The Indian School Journal, 33 ( December, 1933), 35.
For Indian movements toward reform, see
Hazel W. Hertzberg, The Search for an
American Indian Identity: Modern Pan-Indian Movements ( Syracuse: Syracuse University
Press, 1971), 59-134. Useful concerning California groups is
Edward D. Castillo, "Twentieth-Century Secular Movements," in
Robert F. Heizer (ed.), Handbook of North
American Indians: California ( Washington: D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1978), 713- 717.
Francis Paul Prucha, American Indian Policy in Crisis: Christian Reformers
and the Indian, 1865-1900 ( Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1976), passim.
The Albuquerque Indian, 1 ( July, 1905), 12.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924.
Contributors: Daniel F. Littlefield Jr. - Author, James W. Parins - Author.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1984.
Page number: xxxi.
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