American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1

By Daniel F. Littlefield Jr.; James W. Parins | Go to book overview

Earth, and local news, news from around the world and filler material that included fiction, fashion news, and travel features.

Beaulieu died at Barrows, Minnesota, on August 8, 1917, and was succeeded as editor by the Reverend Clement H. Beaulieu, his brother, who promised to continue his editorial policies.

In November, Mrs. Gus Beaulieu sold her interest in the paper to a group of White Earth businessmen: Benjamine L. Fairbanks, John Leecy, A. P. Fairbanks, Henry Selkirk, Theo. Beaulieu, and R. G. Beaulieu. Clement H. Beaulieu remained the editor, and Lee Logan was business manager. This group, known as the Tomahawk Publishing Company, promised to continue the editorial policies of the founder and to champion the cause of Chippewas and Indians throughout the country. From March, 1918, to September, 1920, the newspaper was published by the Tomahawk Publishing Company as the official organ of the Minnesota Chippewas. The editorial duties were probably borne part of this time by Logan, who was listed as editor and publisher in the fall of 1920. The paper had also been purchased by that time by Benjamine L. Fairbanks ( 1855-1921), who was apparently the largest partner in the group of businessmen who purchased the paper after Beaulieu's death. When Fairbanks died in late 1921, his estate retained Logan as editor and promised to continue its pro-Chippewa and pro-Indian editorial policy. Logan edited the paper until the fall of 1926, when James B. Sweet published it briefly before the Fairbanks estate sold it.

Throughout this period, The Tomahawk contained much the same type of information as it had in earlier years. Like his brother, Clement H. Beaulieu took strong stands on issues such as Chippewa natural resources, Indian citizenship, and administration of Indian affairs. The paper also contained items relating to organizations such as the Society of American Indians and the Tipi Order of America as well as articles, letters, and poems by Chippewa writers such as Theo. H. Beaulieu and other Indian writers such as Leta V. Smart, Carlos Montezuma, and Gertrude Bonnin.

In late 1926, L. A. Weston bought The Tomahawk and in early 1927 moved it to Calloway, Minnesota, renaming it The Calloway Tomahawk, which was edited by A. H. Lockwood. While it continued to publish some White Earth news, it dropped its pro-Indian stance. It apparently ceased publication later that year.

Throughout its existence, The Tomahawk contained detailed accounts of the affairs of the General Council of Minnesota Chippewas. Despite the strong editorial stands, especially those taken by the Beaulieus, the newspaper is a valuable source of information concerning the Minnesota Chippewas.


Note
1.
The Peace Pipe, March 28, 1913.

Information Sources

Bibliography: None

Index Sources: None

Location Sources: Gregory

-51-

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American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Conclusion xxxi
  • GUIDE TO INFORMATION SOURCES IN THE ENTRIES xxxiii
  • A 3
  • Note 4
  • Note 5
  • Note 6
  • Note 9
  • Notes 18
  • Note 20
  • Note 23
  • Notes 27
  • Notes 30
  • Notes 32
  • Notes 34
  • Note 37
  • B 39
  • Notes 40
  • Notes 42
  • Note 43
  • C 47
  • Notes 49
  • Note 51
  • Note 55
  • Notes 58
  • Notes 73
  • Notes 79
  • Notes 81
  • Note 82
  • Notes 84
  • Notes 91
  • Notes 94
  • Notes 97
  • Note 98
  • Notes 102
  • Notes 103
  • Notes 104
  • Notes 107
  • Note 109
  • Note 111
  • Notes 116
  • Notes 120
  • D 123
  • Notes 124
  • Notes 125
  • Notes 127
  • Notes 131
  • E 133
  • Notes 134
  • F 137
  • Notes 138
  • G 141
  • Notes 141
  • H 143
  • Note 143
  • Notes 147
  • I 151
  • Notes 162
  • Note 167
  • Notes 168
  • Note 170
  • Notes 171
  • Note 172
  • Note 173
  • Notes 176
  • Note 180
  • Note 185
  • Notes 189
  • Notes 195
  • Notes 200
  • Notes 204
  • Note 209
  • Notes 213
  • Notes 216
  • Note 219
  • Notes 220
  • Notes 224
  • Notes 229
  • Notes 231
  • Note 234
  • Notes 241
  • Notes 245
  • L 247
  • M 249
  • Note 250
  • Note 251
  • Note 255
  • Note 256
  • Note 259
  • Note 260
  • Note 263
  • Notes 264
  • Notes 266
  • N 267
  • Notes 269
  • Notes 270
  • Note 273
  • Notes 277
  • O 279
  • Note 289
  • Notes 292
  • Notes 295
  • P 297
  • Notes 300
  • Notes 301
  • Notes 303
  • Q 305
  • Note 306
  • Note 307
  • R 309
  • Note 312
  • Notes 316
  • Notes 320
  • Notes 325
  • S 327
  • Note 328
  • Notes 329
  • Notes 330
  • Notes 332
  • Note 334
  • Note 335
  • Notes 337
  • Notes 338
  • Note 340
  • Note 343
  • Notes 346
  • Notes 347
  • Note 349
  • Notes 352
  • T 355
  • Notes 356
  • Note 361
  • Note 363
  • Notes 369
  • V 371
  • Notes 372
  • Notes 375
  • Note 377
  • W 379
  • Notes 380
  • Notes 382
  • Notes 384
  • Note 386
  • Notes 389
  • Notes 394
  • Notes 398
  • Notes 399
  • Note 402
  • Note 406
  • Notes 407
  • Y 409
  • SUPPLEMENTAL LIST OF TITLES 411
  • APPENDIX A LIST OF TITLES BY CHRONOLOGY 425
  • APPENDIX B LIST OF TITLES BY LOCATION 431
  • APPENDIX C LIST OF TITLES BY TRIBAL AFFILIATION OR EMPHASIS 439
  • Index 447
  • About the Authors 483
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