C. Bishop, who were white. Gulick left the paper in November, 1894, and in December, S. B. Bishop became local editor.
In February, 1897, the paper was bought by the Times Publishing Company and placed under the management of Charles Daugherty and George Eddleman, cousins of Cherokee descent. The paper was owned by David Jones Eddleman and his wife Mary. The latter, who was of Cherokee descent, was born in Missouri but had grown up in Texas, where she met and married Eddleman. They went to Muskogee in 1894. 1 George Eddleman was their son. A daughter Myrta was bookkeeper for the paper, and daughter Ora was a reporter. The Times contained mainly local and regional news. News of Muskogee and nearby towns was prominent. Articles covered such events as freedmen's payments, Cherokee citizenship cases, railroads, and Indian appropriations. Editorially the paper was pro-allotment.
In June, 1897, the U.S. court placed the paper in receivership, probably because the Eddlemans were not citizens of the Creek Nation. One of the receivers was Matt Daugherty, Mrs. Eddleman's brother, who immediately gave his power of attorney to Charles Daugherty. On June 18, the paper became the Muskogee Evening Times. In 1899, Mrs. Eddleman was listed as owner. Later that year, Eddleman sold the paper to John B. Kessler, a white. 2 In late February, 1906, the Times merged with the Muskogee Democrat (established in 1907) and became the Muskogee Times-Democrat, under which name it was published until 1971, when it merged with the Muskogee Phoenix,* still published today as the Phoenix & Times-Democrat.
Bibliography: Carolyn Thomas Foreman, Oklahoma Imprints, 1835-1907 ( Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1936); Ora Eddleman Reed, "Pioneer Publisher, First Daily Newspaper in Indian Territory," Chronicles of Oklahoma, 23 (Spring, 1945), 36-39
Index Sources: None
Location Sources: Danky and Hady; Gregory
Title and Title Changes: Muskogee Morning Times ( 1896- 1897); Muskogee Evening Times ( 1897- 1906); Muskogee Times-Democrat ( 1906- 1971)
Volume and Issue Data: Muskogee Morning Times (Vol. 1, No. 1, September 1, 1896- Vol. 1, No. 251, June 17, 1897); Muskogee Evening Times (Vol. 1, No. 252, June 18, 1897-Vol. 12? No. 134? February 19? 1906); Muskogee Times-Democrat (Vol. 12, No. 135, February 20, 1906-Vol. ? No. ? 1971)
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924. Volume: 1. Contributors: Daniel F. Littlefield Jr. - Author, James W. Parins - Author. Publisher: Greenwood Press. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1984. Page number: 264.