American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1

By Daniel F. Littlefield Jr.; James W. Parins | Go to book overview

as Hominy and Gray Horse. News of Indian affairs was printed in the form of an irregular "Washington Letter."

On July 1, 1894, the newspaper became the property of Sylvester J. Soldani and Leahy, with the latter acting as editor. Soldani, born in Kansas, came to the Indian Territory in 1871 with his mother, who was Osage. He grew up near Pawhuska, was educated in the Osage schools and at Osage Mission, Kansas, and studied law. His main interest in the 1890s was ranching. 3 Soldani and Leahy continued to publish the same kinds of local materials but reduced the amount of it to two pages. They were strongly Democratic in politics but claimed that they stood for the good of the Osage people.

In March, 1895, Leahy relinquished his interest in the paper to Soldani, and George E. Tinker returned as editor. The paper still carried local items as it had formerly: news from outlying towns such as Blackburn, reports of council proceedings, and items on tribal politics. But the tone was decidedly harsh. Tinker attacked the projected income tax, drunkenness, management of the Indian school at Pawhuska, and Indian Agent H. B. Freeman. In the process, The Wah-shah- she News incurred the wrath of not only Freeman but the local traders as well. Whether that had anything to do with the paper's reorganization the following June is uncertain. Soldani's name was dropped from the paper, which became the property of the News Publishing Company. Tinker remained as editor and took on J. F. Palmer, another Osage, as associate editor. Born in Dakota Territory on April 5, 1862, Palmer had been educated at Osage Mission, Kansas. He had come to the Indian Territory in 1876. 4 The paper's motto had been "Speak the truth and you will shame the devil." In keeping with that idea, Palmer promised to speak out. He continued the editorial attacks on Agent Freeman until August, when Freeman, in his official capacity as Indian agent, ordered him to stop criticizing the direction of agency affairs. Bowing to the pressure, Palmer published his resignation in the issue of August 10, 1895.

It is uncertain whether the paper continued. That the agent had the power to silence the editors is clear; it is likely that he also had the power to squelch the paper. Whatever the case, The Wah-shah-she News was not George E. Tinker's last journalistic venture. In 1909, he was one of the founders of the Osage Magazine.*


Notes
1.
Who Regnier was is uncertain. Regnier was a family name among the Sac, Fox, and Potawatomies. Tinker was the son of George and Lucille (Lessert) Tinker. He died at Pawhuska, Oklahoma, on October 31, 1947. His son was the well-known General Clarence Tinker, who was killed at the Battle of Midway in World War II. See Louis F. Burns , The Turn of the Wheel: A Genealogy of the Burns and Tinker Families (Fallbrook, California: The Author, 1980), 152, 154.
2.
Leahy was the son of Edward and Margaret (Lee) Leahy. He was trusted by the Osages. In 1906, he was elected as a delegate from the Osage Reservation to the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention; in 1926, the Osages requested his appointment as a special assistant U.S. attorney general to assist in prosecuting the famous Osage murder cases;

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American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Conclusion xxxi
  • GUIDE TO INFORMATION SOURCES IN THE ENTRIES xxxiii
  • A 3
  • Note 4
  • Note 5
  • Note 6
  • Note 9
  • Notes 18
  • Note 20
  • Note 23
  • Notes 27
  • Notes 30
  • Notes 32
  • Notes 34
  • Note 37
  • B 39
  • Notes 40
  • Notes 42
  • Note 43
  • C 47
  • Notes 49
  • Note 51
  • Note 55
  • Notes 58
  • Notes 73
  • Notes 79
  • Notes 81
  • Note 82
  • Notes 84
  • Notes 91
  • Notes 94
  • Notes 97
  • Note 98
  • Notes 102
  • Notes 103
  • Notes 104
  • Notes 107
  • Note 109
  • Note 111
  • Notes 116
  • Notes 120
  • D 123
  • Notes 124
  • Notes 125
  • Notes 127
  • Notes 131
  • E 133
  • Notes 134
  • F 137
  • Notes 138
  • G 141
  • Notes 141
  • H 143
  • Note 143
  • Notes 147
  • I 151
  • Notes 162
  • Note 167
  • Notes 168
  • Note 170
  • Notes 171
  • Note 172
  • Note 173
  • Notes 176
  • Note 180
  • Note 185
  • Notes 189
  • Notes 195
  • Notes 200
  • Notes 204
  • Note 209
  • Notes 213
  • Notes 216
  • Note 219
  • Notes 220
  • Notes 224
  • Notes 229
  • Notes 231
  • Note 234
  • Notes 241
  • Notes 245
  • L 247
  • M 249
  • Note 250
  • Note 251
  • Note 255
  • Note 256
  • Note 259
  • Note 260
  • Note 263
  • Notes 264
  • Notes 266
  • N 267
  • Notes 269
  • Notes 270
  • Note 273
  • Notes 277
  • O 279
  • Note 289
  • Notes 292
  • Notes 295
  • P 297
  • Notes 300
  • Notes 301
  • Notes 303
  • Q 305
  • Note 306
  • Note 307
  • R 309
  • Note 312
  • Notes 316
  • Notes 320
  • Notes 325
  • S 327
  • Note 328
  • Notes 329
  • Notes 330
  • Notes 332
  • Note 334
  • Note 335
  • Notes 337
  • Notes 338
  • Note 340
  • Note 343
  • Notes 346
  • Notes 347
  • Note 349
  • Notes 352
  • T 355
  • Notes 356
  • Note 361
  • Note 363
  • Notes 369
  • V 371
  • Notes 372
  • Notes 375
  • Note 377
  • W 379
  • Notes 380
  • Notes 382
  • Notes 384
  • Note 386
  • Notes 389
  • Notes 394
  • Notes 398
  • Notes 399
  • Note 402
  • Note 406
  • Notes 407
  • Y 409
  • SUPPLEMENTAL LIST OF TITLES 411
  • APPENDIX A LIST OF TITLES BY CHRONOLOGY 425
  • APPENDIX B LIST OF TITLES BY LOCATION 431
  • APPENDIX C LIST OF TITLES BY TRIBAL AFFILIATION OR EMPHASIS 439
  • Index 447
  • About the Authors 483
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