Ergonomics and Safety of Intelligent Driver Interfaces

By Y. Ian Noy | Go to book overview

role of the system in critical driving situations. The possibility of letting the driver (if they so wish) select and validate the information to be presented and the commands to be activated (automatically or not), constitutes a first approach toward the recovery of autonomy and may contribute to reassuring drivers that they are fulfilling their role of "captain of the ship."

It is within this framework that the introduction of these new technologies into the driving compartment could be combined with an increased feeling of power and comfort at the wheel.


RESEARCH PERSPECTIVES AND CONCLUSIONS

It should be emphasized that the introduction of these new technologies of information, interfaces, and commands in the automobile driving compartment, which make use of AI, brings to light new fields of investigation into human factors.

In particular, research into cognitive ergonomy appears necessary, on the one hand, to build models of the driver that will enable the accurate evaluation and prediction of mental load and behavior in different driving situations and, on the other hand, to formulate the best scenarios concerning the methods of presenting the information and the driver-intelligent interface dialogs.

Lastly, a certain number of psychological implications can be foreseen regarding driving styles and drivers' attitudes toward safety. As can be ascertained from the analysis of the questions raised, the introduction of these intelligent systems in the driving compartment with the view to increasing comfort and safety appears uncertain, and it is advisable to give very serious consideration to the possibility of certain risks. In conclusion, the successful contribution of these new intelligent technologies in the automobile driving compartment can only take place on the basis of a systematic recognition of the essential involvement of cognitive ergonomy.


REFERENCES

Bastien C. ( 1991). "Modélisation de la tâche d'un opérateur [Operator task modeling]". In Colloque Sciences et défense (pp. 329-340). Paris: Dunob.

Broadbent D. E. ( 1958). Perception and communications. London: Pergamon.

Coutaz J. ( 1990). Interfaces homme-Ordinateur: Conception et réalisation [Man-computer interfaces: Design and development]. Paris: Dunob.

Chignell M. H., & Hancock P. A. ( 1989). An introduction to intelligent interfaces. North Holland: Intelligent interfaces.

David B. T. C. ( 1991). EPAC, extended PAC model for dialog design (Rep. Research MIS-ECL). Ecole Centrale de Lyon.

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