Chapter 21 Stephen H. Fairclough
HUSAT, Loughborough University, Leics., UKA cursory examination of the relevant literature provides ample evidence
that fatigue is a problem for the driving public. Estimates of the contribution of driver fatigue to total traffic accidents vary from 4% (Treat, 1980)
to 25% ( Maycock, 1995). A questionnaire survey conducted by Tilley,
Gianturco ( 1973) illustrated drivers' awareness of the fatigue
problem. Survey results revealed that 64% of respondents had experienced
fatigue on the road. In addition, 7% of the subject sample claimed to have
had a traffic accident due to fatigue.However, the issue of driver fatigue has not found equivalent expression
in public awareness as drunk driving, overspeeding, and other violations
of road safety. According to Brown ( 1994), this is due to three factors:
Monitoring Driver Fatigue
Via Driving Performance
|1. ||Evidence of the contributory role of fatigue to traffic accidents is
usually of the circumstantial variety (i.e., time of accident, pattern
of injury). Therefore, the contribution of fatigue to accidents tends
to be underestimated.|
|2. ||A lack of political will to research into the limitations of work hours
for professional drivers. Brown ( 1994) claimed this is due to perceived
negative effects on the competitiveness of alternative forms of transport.|
|3. ||A public perception that accidents due to the influence of fatigue
are a matter of individual liability. It is reasonable to expect drivers|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Ergonomics and Safety of Intelligent Driver Interfaces.
Contributors: Y. Ian Noy - Editor.
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Place of publication: Mahwah, NJ.
Publication year: 1997.
Page number: 363.
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