CHAPTER IV
THE EXPANSION OF ARMAMENT: NORMAL TYPES

The Relevant Evidence : Comments on Total Expansion : Gun Production The Recuperator : Krupp : Shell : The Machine-Gun : The Rifle : Small Arms Ammunition : Conclusion


THE RELEVANT EVIDENCE

We have to seek facts which will give us a true picture of two broad aspects of armament. The more immediate problem--the one with which we are concerned in this chapter--relates to existing weapons. We imagine the situation in which the world has agreed to disarm, and has reached a state of disarmament which gives to each nation an agreed, known, limited quantity of armament. This means a fixed quantity of existing weapons and of capacity to produce them. An important question would then arise : in what period of time could any nation move from its disarmed position to one of vast uncontrolled armament, able to threaten the stability of peace? In other words, is the disarmed condition real and effective? In order to test the situation, or intelligently to bring it about, we need to obtain the best possible idea of the time periods of armament development, and we have to examine what I have called above "the expansion of armament."

The second problem which disarmament must probe, and for which we need information, is not the expansion of known types, but the development of new one's. It is an entirely different problem, although in places it involves the same type of knowledge and fact. It is, in effect, the development of the new agencies of war, a process which, if it is not in some way controlled, will continue its present growth, irrespective of normal disarmament measures, and will at a given point defeat them. This matter is dealt with separately later, and we can now return to the simpler question of normal armament expansion.

Armament has been concealed from the general view by a fog which, apart from certain official activities, has been allowed to arise far more through public apathy than the intention of those

-45-

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