The Economic Principles of European Integration

By Stephen Frank Overturf | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 9
Trade Relations: More Developed Countries

The trade relations of the Community with more developed countries has primarily centered on tariff negotiations under GATT auspices. This chapter will examine those tariff negotiations over the life of the EC, consider some continuing trade issues with the more developed world, look at intra-EC trade relations, and finally consider Spain and Portugal as new entrants into the Community.


TARIFF NEGOTIATIONS

Although postwar tariff negotiations under the auspices of GATT have been truly multilateral in nature, the sheer size of the negotiants has meant that the talks are perhaps best characterized as a United States-EC dialogue. That dialogue began with the Dillon Round of tariff negotiations.


Dillon Round

The basic authority given to the U.S. executive branch to participate in the Dillon Round of tariff reduction talks was originally given almost three decades earlier in the Trade Agreements Act of 1934. This act was enacted only four years after the establishment of the prohibitive Smoot-Hawley Tariff. By that time, however, the full effects of the Great Depression had been felt, and perhaps at least a nodding recognition of the role that a reduction in world trade can have on the health of individual countries in the world economy had been achieved. In any case, the act was clearly intended to stimulate exports (and hence domestic employment) by having other countries lower their tariff barriers, albeit at the "cost" of lowering one's

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The Economic Principles of European Integration
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Chapter 1 History of European Economic Integration 1
  • Chapter 2 Community Institutions 15
  • Chapter3 Customs Union Theory 21
  • Chapter 4 Factor Mobility and Tax Harmonization 35
  • Chapter 5 Monetary Union 46
  • Conclusion 59
  • Chapter 6 Industrial Policy 61
  • Chapter 7 Common Agricultural Policy 75
  • Conclusion 87
  • Chapter 8 Trade Relations: Developing Countries 89
  • Conclusion 101
  • Chapter 9 Trade Relations: More Developed Countries 102
  • Chapter 10 Regional Policy 118
  • Chapter 11 Social Policy 134
  • Conclusion 144
  • Appendix Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community 147
  • Bibliography 167
  • Index 169
  • About the Author 173
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