I dedicate this book out of a sense of deep gratitude to Catherine and Frank Heller. Their interest and support made this monograph possible.
This study has for its primary object an analysis of the presidential election of 1880. A brief introductory chapter has been used in the hope that it will help clarify the issues that confronted the nation during the contest between General Garfield and General Hancock. The final chapter, besides discussing the election results, also treats of the assassination of President Garfield and its effects upon the country.
I wish to record with a very grateful heart the many kindnesses of my dear friend, Dr. Charles C. Tansill, whose large fund of historical knowledge has always been of great service to me. Dr. Tibor Kerekes, professor of history at Georgetown University, gave me the benefit of his deep knowledge of history. I owe a special debt of gratitude to the Reverend Joseph Durkin S.J., of Georgetown University for the assistance he gave me when I came to Washington to begin research on this book. Mr. David C. Mearns, chief of the Division of Manuscripts in the Library of Congress, and his entire staff have been exceedingly helpful. I am indebted to Mr. Robert Hill, chief of the Division of Manuscripts in the New York Public Library and to his able assistant, Mr. Edward B. Morrison, for courtesies unnumbered. Mr. Watt P. Marchman, curator of the