The Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt

By W. Stevenson Smith | Go to book overview

PART FIVE
THE LATE PERIOD

CHAPTER 20
THE PERIOD OF DECLINE: DYNASTIES XXI-XXII 1085-730 B.C.

THE weakening of the royal authority in the latter part of Dynasty XX brought with it a slackening of the large-scale building activities which had been characteristic of Ramesside times. The temple of Khons at Karnak was indeed completed in Dynasty XXI, and the first king of Dynasty XXII, Sheshonq 1 ( 950-929 B.C.), constructed the court in front of the Second Pylon of the Temple of Amon. This impressive work included colonnades along the north and south sides and the Bubastite Portal which entered along the southern way of access to the temple between the Second Pylon and the temple of Ramesses III. It was carried out late in the reign, in the king's 21st year, and a triumphal relief on the south face of the wall adjoining the portal on the east commemorated Sheshonq's campaign in Palestine, which occurred in the fifth year of Rehoboam the successor of Solomon.1 The great First Pylon, never completely finished, was apparently not a part of this project. It may have taken the place of an eastern colonnade with a gateway in its centre on the east-west axis of the temple, where a processional way of sphinxes had been laid out by Ramesses II westwards from the Second Pylon to the temple landing-stage. It has been plausibly argued that the First Pylon was not actually constructed until the Ptolemaic Period (Figure 49).2

Little else of architectural importance is known for a period of some three hundred and fifty years, until a new stimulus came from the south with the invasion of the Kushite King, Piankhy, about 730 B.C. Even then, in Dynasty XXV, royal construction was largely concentrated in the Sudan at the temples of Gebel Barkal, Sanam, and Kawa, and in the pyramid fields of El Kurru and Nuri. The badly ruined condition of the great Delta cities makes it difficult to judge of the additions made to them after Ramesside times. However, the restricted size and poorer workmanship of the tombs of the royal family, which were built inside the enclosure of the temple of Tanis in Dynasties XXI and XXII, betray a considerable impoverishment in comparison to the monuments of their predecessors at Thebes. The fragmentary remains of the other constructions of this time in the Tanis temple 3 show a widespread re-use of earlier materials, as does the equally ruined work of Osorkon II ( 870-747 B.C.) at Bubastis.4 There, however, most of the blocks have survived from a large granite gateway between the first and second courts of the temple. These blocks have been fitted together to form one of

-231-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 301

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.