FROM SPUTNIK TO CUBA: 1957-1962
A number of rather optimistic assumptions about the future of Soviet and Communist power had, we have speculated, a significant relationship to changes in the Soviet approach to arms control in 1954-1956. In the years 1956-1962, however, these calculations were shown to be faulty one after another, obliging Moscow eventually to reappraise and reformulate Soviet policy to accord with new realities.1 In part the world continued to change; in part Soviet perceptions of the world became more realistic. In time Soviet policies were impelled toward still more radical adjustments than were apparent in the period from late 1956 to mid-1962.
During these years Moscow's public position on disarmament conformed to or amplified many of the innovations that had emerged in 1954-1956. In addition, certain tacit East-West controls were strengthened. Experts' talks on purely technical aspects of arms control were inaugurated, and produced some agreements. Joint agreement on the principles of a balanced and controlled program of compre____________________