Contemporary Economic Systems: A Regional and Country Approach

By Nicholas V. Gianaris | Go to book overview

11The Chinese Experience

A BRIEF HISTORICAL REVIEW

China, a country of radical transformations, has the largest population in the world (1.2 billion) and a relatively poor land. Although its land area is third in the world, after the Soviet Union and Canada, only about 15 percent of it is arable. This contrast makes per capita production and income low (about $300 per year) and presents pressures for population control. Imperial conquests, drastic political and economic transformations, and unification movements throughout history made China a big and important nation.

The early Chinese civilization, a neolithic culture characterized by the cultivation of rice, the domestication of animals, and the making of pottery, developed in the bend of the Yellow River before 3000 B.C. Monetary units in the form of metallic forks, knives, and similar instruments were used in China in ancient times.

The first emperor, as the Chinese maintain, was Fu Hsi, who is considered the founder of China. He was the ruler during the period about 3000 B.C. in which hunting and fishing were the main activities of survival, whereas, during the rule of Shen Nung ( 2737 B.C.) agriculture became important. However, Scuma Ch'ien, the great historian known as the "Herodotus of China," begins with Huang Ti, the "Yellow Emperor" ( 2704-2585 B.C.), as well as Yao, Shun, and Yu, as the heads of Confucius' extract and originators of wisdom and prosperity. During the Shang dynasty ( 1766-1122 B.C.) and the Chou dynasty ( 1122-255 B.C.), agricultural production and the arts flourished, while the feudal system was developed.

The Ch'in dynasty ( 255-206 B.C.) abolished the feudal system, drove the Hun Tatars back, and continued building the Great Wall for the defense and the unity of China; the Han rulers ( 202 B.C.-A.D. 220) drove further back the Tatar hordes

-144-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Contemporary Economic Systems: A Regional and Country Approach
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 198

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.